First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…

Year of the World 5670

Year of Christ 471

Simplicius the pope succeeded Hilarius in the reigns of the emperors Leo the Second and Zeno. This holy and righteous man ordained that no one should be appointed bishop against his will; also that any cleric, possessing a benefice from a layman, should not be recognized; and this was afterwards confirmed by other popes. He declared that the Roman See should be the first among all churches. He divided the jurisdiction of the priests into five divisions: First, Peter's; Second, Paul's; Third, Lawrence's; Fourth, John Lateran's; Fifth, Mary Maggiore's. And having consecrated several houses of worship, and having benefitted the Roman churches, not only with order and laws, but with gifts, he died and was buried in the basilica of Peter on the sixth Nones of March, after having sat fifteen years, one month and seventeen days. And the chair rested twenty-six days.[Simplicius, pope from 468 to 483. During his pontificate the Western Empire was overthrown, and Italy passed into the hands of the barbarian king Odoacer. In the East, the usurpation of Basiliscus (475-476), who supported the Monophysites, gave rise to many ecclesiastical troubles, which were a source of great anxiety to the pope. The emperor Zeno who had procured the banishment of Basiliscus, endeavored to compound with the Monophysite party; and the bishop of Constantinople, who had previously fought on the pope's side for the council of Chalcedon, abandoned Simplicius and subscribed to the Henoticon, the conciliatory document promulgated by the emperor in 428. Simplicius died in 483, with the question still unsettled. The Monophysites maintained that Christ had but one composite nature.]

Felix, the third of that name, a pope, and a Roman, also condemned a number of heretics for their errors, through assembled councils; and in the same councils it was ordained that one accused before a judge should always be given time and opportunity to answer; also that the churches were to be consecrated by the bishops. He built the Church of Saint Agapitus, not far from Saint Lawrence the Martyr's Church. And now, having consecrated any number of priests, deacons and bishops, he died in basilica of Paul. He sat eight years, 11 months and 17 days; and then the chair rested for five days.[Felix III became pope in March 483. His first act was to repudiate the Henoticon, deed of union, originating, it is supposed, with Acacius, patriarch of Constantinople, and published by the emperor Zeno with the view of reconciling the Monophysites and their opponents in the Eastern Church. He also addressed a letter of remonstrance to Acacius; but the latter proved refractory, and sentence of deposition was passed against him. As Acacius, however, had the support of the emperor, a schism arose between the Eastern and the Western churches, which lasted for thirty-four years. Felix died in 492.]

Mamertus (Mamercus), bishop of Vienne, was at this time held in great esteem for his piety and learning. And as at that time there was a great earthquake in Gaul, and the wild animals fell upon the people and caused them much distress, Mamertus wrote the litany, called the lesser one, which is to be distinguished from the greater of Saint Gregory the Great, written on the feast day of Saint Mark.[Mamertus. The chronicler probably refers to a presbyter in the diocese of Vienne, France, whose brother was bishop. The presbyter died about 470. He wrote a number of books on ecclesiastical subjects.]

Remigius, bishop of Reims, a holy and highly learned men, lived (as some say) at this time. As the historians state, he baptized Clovis (Clodoveum), king of the Franks, together with innumerable Franks. As a highly renowned man, learned in the Holy Scriptures, he wrote many useful things concerning the Old and New Testament. When he had fulfilled a term of seventy years as bishop, among other miracles, he awakened a little girl from the dead. He died in the Year of the Lord 468, on the first day of October.[Remigius (c. 437-533), bishop of Reims and friend of Clovis, whom he converted to Christianity with 3000 Franks on Christmas day 496, after the defeat of the Alamanni.]

Gelasius the pope, a native of Africa, was a holy man. Whenever he was able to apprehend Manichean heretics, he condemned them to exile and publicly burned their books in Saint Mary's church. Among other things he ordained that one who had had two wives should not be consecrated without the consent of the Papal See; also that no man lame in any member should be made a priest. He wrote many manuscripts and books against the heretics. He consecrated many churches at Rome, and prescribed what books should not be considered canonical. He died and was buried in the basilica of Peter the Apostle on the eleventh day of the Kalends of December. He sat four years, eight months and seventeen days. The chair then rested seven days.[Gelasius I, pope (492-496), succeeded Felix III. He confirmed the estrangement between the Eastern and Western Churches by insisting on the removal of the name of Acacius, bishop of Constantinople, from the Diptychs.]

Anastasius the pope, the second of that name, was a Roman whose father was Fortunatus. He was pope in the time of Anastasius the emperor. Although at first regarded as a good Christian, he was misled by Acacius; for he secretly recalled him; and thereby he estranged the clergy, who withdrew from communion with the pope. He also had communion with Plotinus the deacon, without the consent of the Christians, who followed the errors of Acacius. Therefore some say he died through divine intervention. They say that while evacuating his intestines fell out. This Anastasius (as some state) excommunicated the emperor Anastasius because no was partial to Acacius. He was buried in the basilica of Peter on the 13th day of the Kalends of December. He sat (in office) one year 10 months and 24 days. Then the chair rested four days.[Anastasius II, pope (496-498), lived in the time of the schism of Acacius. He showed some tendency toward conciliation, and thus brought upon himself the lively reproaches of the author of .]


Anastasius II; same as Cletus, Folio CV verso. The nimbus is omitted. As this pope showed conciliatory tendencies toward Acacius, he incurred the reproaches of the author of Liber Pontificalis, and on the strength of this tradition, Dante has placed this pope in hell.