First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…

Strasbourg (Argentina), the very old and mighty city called Argentuaria among the Swiss (Helvetios), located on the Rhine, was at first under the rule of Trier (Treveris), of the province of Belgium, the building of which was begun in the time of Abraham. Together with all Switzerland and the adjoining countries, it was subjugated by Julian the emperor; and for this same city he established a treasury department to collect tribute, interest and taxes. From this time on the city was given the name Argentina, which in the Latin is equivalent to silver mine. But afterwards, when the tyrant Attila with his powerful hosts came from the north, and first invaded Greece (Illiricos), and then swept over all of Germany, destroying all the cities and castles on his way, he at length came to the kingdom of Constance. King Sigmund (Sigimundus), a prince of the same land, went forth with a great army to meet him at Basle; but after the dispersion and flight of the army, he was defeated by Attila. Then Attila went forth and laid siege to Strasbourg, which no Roman emperor had been able to overcome entirely. But Attila gave battle, and in many places he destroyed the walls, giving all free entrance to the city without obstacles. And Attila sternly commanded that the walls were not to be rebuilt in his lifetime, and that the city was no longer to be called Argentina, but that it should be called Strasbourg (Straspurg) because of the many entrances and streets passing through its walls. Now, when some time later the kings of the Franks attained to sovereignty over the Swiss (Helvetios), they established their residence in this city. Later they appointed governors over it. And just as Saint Ottilia's[Legend says that Ottilia was a daughter of Duke Aldarich of Alsace. Because she was born blind, her father, a pagan, commanded that she should be carried out of the house and exposed to perish; but her nurse fled with her to a monastery. And the Lord appeared to Erhard, a pious bishop, who by divine revelation was directed to the monastery to baptize the blind girl, after which, he was assured, she would recover her sight. And so it happened. Later her father repented, and on his deathbed left her all his worldly goods. She built a monastery at Hohenburg, in which she lived in great austerity and devotion. She collected 130 nuns who walked with her in the paths of Christianity. She died as abbess of Hohenburg in 720. She is the patron saint of Alsace, and more particularly of the city of Strasbourg.] father held not only the governership of the city but also of the country, and built Hohenburg and others, so after him, his son Albertus, and his descendants reigned there. Later this city, through the Roman emperor, obtained its freedom, and became part of the Roman Empire; and from Saint Materno (Martin?), who was sent to the Rhenish cities by Saint Peter, received the true Christian faith. This city, in addition to its amusements and the good manners and hospitality of its citizens, has a very large church, with a most beautiful spire, built to an extraordinary height. The nobility from castles and from cities in the vicinity gathered there. Here there is also a noble bishopric; and princes have governed the city. In addition to the river Rhine this city has two other rivers, rich in shipping, and which are its tributaries.[ Strasbourg (German Strassburg) was originally a Celtic settlement, which was captured by the Romans, who replaced it by the fortified station of Argentoratum, afterwards the headquarters of the Eighth Legion. It is first mentioned by Ptolemy. In 357 the emperor Julian here gained a decisive victory over the Alamanni, who 50 years later reconquered the whole district. Towards the end of the 5th century the town passed to the Franks, who gave it its present name. The early history of Strasbourg consists mainly of struggles between the bishop and the citizens. The conflict was finally decided in favor of the latter by the battle of Oberhausbergen in 1262, and the position of a free imperial city, which had been conferred upon Strasbourg by the German king, Philip of Swabia, was never again disputed. In 1332 there was a revolution, in consequence of which the guilds were admitted to the government. In 1681, during a time of peace, it was suddenly seized by Louis XIV, and this unjustifiable action received formal recognition at the Peace of Ryswick in 1697. In the French Revolution the city was deprived of its privileges as a free town. In the War of 1870-1 Strasbourg, with its garrison of 17,000 men, surrendered to the Germans. The city and the cathedral suffered considerably from the bombardment. The bishopric of Strasbourg existed in the days of the Merovigian kings, being probably founded in the fourth century; and it embraced a large territory on both banks of the Rhine. The bishopric was in the archdiocese of Mainz and the bishop was a prince of the empire.]