First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…

and with cruel madness overran and destroyed many lands and people and afterwards lived for a time at Sicambria, Attila's brother became hostile to him, apparently intending to supplant him in the sovereignty and usurp the kingdom. Now, upon his departure Attila had ordered that the city of Sicambria was to be named Attila, after himself; but his brother called it Buda, after his own name. Therefore Attila slew his brother with his own hands, ordered him thrown into the Danube, and the city called Attila. But the Huns did not do this; and they called the city Budawara; and so the Hungarians to this day call the city Budawara. However, being concerned about the royal command, the Germans, through fear, called the city Etzelburg (Etzelpurg), after Attila. For the next five years Attila rested at Etzelburg; and he placed his governors and spies in many lands. In more fortunate times Buda at length was built up as the capital of Hungary, in such a vicinity that nothing could be found in all Hungary more secure and wonderful. Among all other cities of the same region, this city is the most renowned for the beauty of its public and other buildings; for this reason it is patronized by royalty. With its high fortifications and wonderful castle, it is the most beautiful of all. This same castle, with others, particularly Miscegradun, where the royal crown is kept, was so beautified with thick walls and mighty halls, and beautiful structures by Matthias Corvinus,[Matthias I, Hunyadi (1440-1490), king of Hungary, also known as Matthias Corvinus, second son of Janos (John) Hunyadi, was born in Transylvania February 23, 1440. He shared in his father's campaign at the age of twelve. In 1453 he was created a count, and was knighted at the siege of Belgrade in 1454. On the death of his father he was inveigled to Buda by his enemies, condemned to death on pretext of a conspiracy, but spared because of his youth. On the king's death he was detained for a time by George Podebrad, governor of Bohemia, who treated him hospitably and had him become engaged to his daughter Catherine. In 1458 he was elected king of Bohemia by the vast majority of the nation. The same year he entered Buda in state and married his bride, whose father was crowned king of Bohemia soon after. In 1468 Matthias joined the league against his father-in-law, and in the following year was elected king of Bohemia by the Czech Catholics. He succeeded in making the Turks respect Hungarian territory. His reign was fraught with many difficulties, and his last days were occupied in endeavoring to secure the succession for his illegitimate son Janos Corvinus; but the matter was still unsettled when Matthias expired very suddenly in 1490. He was equally illustrious as a scholar, statesman, soldier, orator and legislator, and never guilty of cruel or vindictive action—though often provoked. Frequently he spent half the night reading, after the labor of a strenuous day. His camp was a school of chivalry, his court a place of poets and artists.] that it is now justly prized and esteemed above all the old structures.[ Budapest, capital and largest city of Hungary, is situated on both banks of the Danube, and includes the former towns of Buda (German, Ofen) and O-Buda on the right bank, and Pest, together with Kobanya, on the left bank. There is evidence of settlement on the right bank of the Rhine during pre-Roman times. The Romans founded a colony which they called Aquincum, a little north of the site of a previous settlement, and where O-Buda now stands. This acted as an outpost of the Roman Empire until 376 CE, when it fell before the assaults of the barbarians. History is silent about the centuries that elapsed before the Magyar invaders approach, but it is certain that when they arrived at the close of the ninth century that they found Slavonic settlements on the present sites of Buda and Pest (Slav. Pestj = 'oven'; German "Ofen" was used for Buda). In 1241 Pest was destroyed by the Mongols, after whose departure Bela IV, king of Hungary, founded the modern Buda (1247), and repeopled Pest with colonists of German (Swabian) and other nationalities. From this time both towns made rapid progress. In 1361 Buda became the capital of Hungary, while Pest attained to commercial prominence. But neither city was allowed to advance undisturbed. For centuries the Rock of Buda overlooked scenes of strife between East and West; but the attractions of its key position also brought compensations. Crusaders from the West brought with them the glories and advantages of 14th century French civilization. French masons and Italian artists combined to produce in Buda a city fit to rival those of the West, while Flemish and Venetian merchants raised Pest to high rank as a commercial center. In 1464 Matthias Corvinus elevated Buda to a fortified city, built a splendid castle, and there preserved his rich library. And such was the status of Buda and Pest in 1493, when the was published. Thirteen years later (1526) Pest was captured and sacked by the Turks under Suleiman, who turned the fortress over to John Zapolya, of Siebenburgen, whom he designated King of Hungary and obligated him to pay tribute. Ferdinand I, King of Hungary, drove out Zapolya in 1527; but Soliman retook Buda in 1541. On September 2, 1686, the imperial troops under the leadership of Duke Karl of Lorraine, recovered Buda in a siege during which the city was plundered and burned. Architectural and other treasures were stolen or destroyed, and at the close of the occupation both towns were little more than ruins. But they overcame even this catastrophe. It was not until 1873 that both cities were united into one municipality, Budapest, which became the political, commercial, and intellectual center of Hungary. The modern town covers an area of about 80 square miles on both sides of the river. The two banks are connected by six bridges, including one of the largest extension bridges in Europe.]