First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…

Paul, the first hermit, died in the wilderness in Lower Thebes on the 10th day of January in his one hundred thirteenth year. As Jerome writes, St. Anthony (Antonius) saw his soul soon afterwards, flying among the choir of apostles and prophets. After the death of his parents, Paul became very rich by inheritance. At the age of sixteen he was well versed in the Greek and Egyptian languages. He was of a mild disposition, and a great lover of God. During the violent persecutions of Decius and Valerian, he wandered to a village, at last finding a rocky mountain, and within it a large cave, closed with a stone, and containing a wide passage open to the sky. It was covered with the spreading branches of an old palm-tree, and contained a very clear spring. He loved the place as though it had been given him by God; and there he spent his life in prayer and solitude. From the palm-tree he obtained sustenance and clothing. And St. Anthony visited him, and while they dined together a raven brought them a whole loaf of bread. Paul said that the Lord had sent him this food; that for the past sixty years the Lord had fed him with half a loaf, but he now doubled the bread. After Anthony's farewell, Paul slept softly, his neck upright and his hands raised; and his soul left his body. He was buried by Anthony at a place indicated by lions.

Paul and Anthony the hermits: In the persecution under the Emperor Decius, legend relates that Paul of Thebes, a Christian youth of noble family, terrified not so much by the tortures which were threatened, as by the allurements with which he was tempted to deny the faith, fled to the desert east of the Nile; and wandering there alone, he found a cavern, near which was a date-tree and a fountain of clear water. He chose this for his dwelling place, eating of the fruit of the tree, drinking the water of the stream, and clothing himself with palm-leaves woven together. Thus he lived for 98 years, having only occasional communication with other people. But it was the divine will that his long penance and virtue should be made known for the edification of men through another saint of even more renown, Anthony.

Anthony, born in Alexandria, Egypt, was 18 when his parents died and left him great riches. From childhood he had been of a melancholy, contemplative disposition. He was troubled by the temptations of the world and the responsibilities which riches imposed. He gave his wealth to the poor and joined a company of hermits, with whom he lived in great sanctity and self-denial. But still being subjected to many temptations by the Devil, he wandered forth alone and shut himself up in a cavern for 20 years. And when he had reached 90, his heart was uplifted by the thought that no one had lived in solitude so long as he. But in a vision, a voice said to him, "There is one holier than you, for Paul the hermit has served God in solitude and penance for 90 years." He resolved to go and seek Paul. Journeying across the desert he finally came upon him in his cave, and while they talked, a raven brought them a loaf of bread. And Paul lifted up his eyes, blessed the goodness of God, and said, "For sixty years, every day, this raven has brought me half a loaf, but because you have come, the portion is doubled, and we are fed as Elijah was in the wilderness." At length Paul died, and looking up, Anthony beheld his spirit carried to heaven by the prophets and apostles and a company of angels. Anthony laid the body of Paul in a grave, returning to his monastery and relating all to his disciples. Anthony lived another 14 years. According to tradition, he died at the age of 105.

Anthony (Antonius) the abbot, an Egyptian, a holy man, strong in words and works, flourished at this time. He was not only endowed with such wisdom in divine matters and with such knowledge of morals, as may be acquired by human industry, but was also divinely gifted. The emperor Constantine received from him various writings, executed with great skill. As Jerome writes, Anthony wrote seven epistles in the Egyptian tongue, and sent them to the Egyptian churches. And those, in these times (like the epistles of St. Paul with us) were read in the churches. Afterwards, because of the courage manifested in them, they were translated into the Greek tongue. In his time he was an exhorter of mankind in the faith. Through letters and messengers he was often consulted by Helena for herself and her son. Bread alone was his food, and water his drink. He ate only at sunset. He was entirely devoted to contemplation. He died in the Year of the Lord 360, at the age of 105 years. After having been long concealed, his body, through divine revelation, was discovered in the time of the emperor, Justinian the Great. It was first brought from Thebes to Alexandria, and then to Gaul, where it rested in veneration. The day of his commemoration is the 17th day of January.

Hilarius, the very illustrious bishop of Poitiers (Pictaviensis) was highly learned in all the Scriptures, and always a good Christian. When the people of Poitiers saw that he successfully fought the heretics with all his might, they elected him a bishop. He not only protected this province, but all France against the heretics. For this reason he was accused before the emperor Constantius, and was exiled to the island of Gallinaria, which was infested with snakes that disappeared on his arrival. Afterwards, when called home by the emperor, he awakened a dead son who had passed away without baptism. At the instigation of Saturninus, bishop of Arles (Arelatensis), he was sent to Phrygia (Phrigiam), because of his Christian faith. From there he returned to his own city after many temptations. He journeyed to the Lord in the Year of Our Salvation 371. He published these books described as follows: 12 books on the Trinity, On the Council, Response to Constantius, Against the Arrian Example of Growing Blasphemy. First among Catholics, he published hymns and songs.

Hilary, though properly a French saint, for he was bishop of Poitiers in the fourth century, is considered one of the lights of the Italian Church. He distinguished himself in Lombardy by opposing the Arians. He left writings that have been quoted with admiration by Erasmus, Locke, and Gibbon.

The last two sentences ("He published . . . . songs.") are not in the German edition of the Chronicle.

Athansius, bishop of Alexandria, celebrated for his piety and skill, during these times suffered severe persecution at the hands of the Arian heretics; for in years past, he had stood up against the same heretics in the council at Laodicea and had overcome them with clear and evident reasoning, and upon strong and highly sensible grounds and arguments that the Son was coeval with the Father. But when Arius and his associates could no longer contest this, they undertook to disgrace him. From a corpse they cut an arm, and this they showed to the emperor, stating that Athanasius had cut the arm off of Arsenius to employ it in sorcery. But having been warned, he at length exhibited the arm and exposed their fraud; he was nevertheless severely condemned by Constantius; and he fled, and for six consecutive years was hidden in the vault of a cistern, near the water, where he never saw the sun. Afterwards he was reported by a maiden, but, in accordance with divine warning he went into the region of Constans the emperor, who by threats compelled his brother Constantius to again accept Athanasius. Finally, on the second day of May, in the Year of the Lord 379, after many temptations, and having earned the crown of patience, he passed away in blessedness in the time of the emperors Valentinian and Valens. He wrote books (such as) Against the Pagans (Gentiles) and many others with (his?) symbol. Whoever wishes to be saved, etc.

Athanasius, whose famous creed remains a stumbling block in Christendom, was born at Alexandria about 298. He was the eldest of the Greek Fathers, and began his career by the study of profane literature, science and eloquence; but seized by the religious spirit of the age, he too fled to the desert, and became for a time the pupil of Anthony. He returned to Alexandria, and was ordained deacon. His first appearance as a public character was at the celebrated Council of Nicaea (325 CE), when he opposed Arius and his partisans with so much zeal and eloquence, that he was forever after regarded as the great pillar of orthodoxy. He became bishop of Alexandria, and the rest of his life was a perpetual contest with Arius, over whom he finally gained the victory. He died in 372, having been bishop of Alexandria for 46 years, of which 20 were spent in exile and tribulation.

The last two sentences are not in the German edition. The last sentence, "Whoever wishes to be saved, etc." (Latin = Quicumque vult salvus esse et cetera) is the beginning of the famous creed credited to him by later ages, but most likely not composed by him.

Juvencus (Iuvencus), a Spaniard, poet and cardinal, of noble parentage, and yet more noble in virtue and learning, was highly renowned at this time. He composed four books in which he translated nearly word for word into hexameter verse the four gospels. He also wrote in that meter certain works pertaining to the order of the mysteries.

Little is known of Iuvencus, an intriguing individual to say the least, who is among the first Christian poets. Here is a snippet of his adaptive-poetic technique from his epic poem Evangeliorum liber ('Book of the Gospels'; also called Evangeliorum libri quattuor ["Four Books of the Gospels"]), which uses the Gospel of Matthew as its primary source.
First the Vulgate of Matthew 20:28:

Et qui voluerit inter vos primus esse, erit vester servus. Sicut filius hominis non venit ministrari, sed ministrare, et dare animam suam redemptionem pro multis.

And now 3.608-611 of Iuvencus' Matthew:

Nec primus quisquam, nisi cunctis serviat, unus
Esse potest. Hominis natus sic vestra minister
Obsequio solus proprio pia munera gestat,
Pro multisque animam pretioso sanguine ponit.

Jerome also mentions another poetic work by him, The Order of the Mysteries, which is now lost.

The people of Hibernia were instructed in the Christian faith by a woman prisoner. And so also the Armenians in the East received the faith. And thus the Christian faith spread to the surrounding regions.