First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…
FOLIO CXXIX verso and CXXX recto

The city is represented by a special woodcut extending over FOLIO CXXIX verso and CXXX recto. It is completely surrounded by high massive walls, flanked with square towers at frequent intervals, and a number of gates of which at least three are apparent. Over each gateway is a crown, and a coat of arms inscribed with a double eagle—the imperial symbol of the Byzantine Empire. The towers on either side of each gate also bear coats of arms, quartered by a cross, a crescent in each quarter.

The city fronts the water on two sides, while the landward side rises into the distant hills. The most prominent structure within the walls, and the only one designated by a name, is the church of St. Sophia, erected by Justinian the Great, and one of the most impressive buildings in the world. It was founded in 532 and dedicated on Christmas Day 538. Also within the walls, to the left, are three windmills. A small vessel, sails furled, with a few passengers on board, appears before the walls as the left. Before us is the Sea of Marmora, out of which the Bosphorus flows at the right, headed for the Black Sea.