First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…

Year of the World 5483

Year of Christ 284

Marcellinus[Marcellinus' name is spelled 'Arcellinus' in the Beloit College copy of the since space was left for the initial letter 'M' to be painted in later.], a Roman, succeeded Pope Caius in the time of Diocletian and Maximian. He was taken prisoner in the sixth year of his pontificate, during the Diocletian persecution, and by threats was moved to worship strange gods. But before long he took account of himself, assembled a council of 180 bishops at Sinuessa in Campania, and there he appeared in dusty and hairy raiment, requesting punishment for his inconstancy. But in the entire council no one was found to condemn him; for all said that Peter had sinned in such a situation, and in tears had endured the penalty of his sin. Marcellinus returned to Rome and angrily upbraided Diocletian who had urged him to sacrifice to the pagan gods. And for that reason Marcellinus, with Claudius, Cyrinus, and Antoninus, all Christians, were led to martyrdom by order of Diocletian. On the way Marcellinus reminded Marcellus, the priest, not to obey the commands of Diocletian in matters of the faith, and not to bury his (Marcellinus's) body, because it was not worthy of burial, inasmuch as he had denied the Savior of the World. However, the bodies of all of them were buried after thirty-six days. Marcellinus sat (in office) 9 years, 2 months and 16 days; and the chair rested twenty-five days.[Marcellinus succeeded Caius as bishop of Rome in 296. It is said that during the Diocletian persecution Marcellinus under threats offered incense to pagan idols, but repented. For his own condemnation he called a council at Sinuessa, which however, refused to condemn him. After a considerable interregnum he was succeeded by Marcellus.]

Year of the World 5493

Year of Christ 294

Marcellus[Marcellus' name is spelled 'Arcellus' in the Beloit College copy of the since space was left for the initial letter 'M' to be painted in later.], a Roman, was pope from the time of Constantine and Galerius, the emperors, to that of Maxentius. He ordained that no public council should be held without the authority of the papal see. He designated twenty-five places in the city of Rome as bishoprics for baptism and to meet the requirements of those who daily deserted paganism to come into the faith. He also established certain places for the burial of martyrs. When Maxentius learned that the noble woman, Lucina, had given her estate to the church, he became angry and exiled her for a time. While Marcellus was a prisoner, Maxentius urged him to resign the pontificate and the faith; and when he refused, Maxentius sent him away to herd animals. In the meantime, however, Marcellus did not neglect his prayers and fasting. Although relieved of his priestly office, Maxentius sent him to a foul-smelling region where he died of the stench, after having sat five years six months and twenty-one days. On his death the Roman See was vacant 20 days.[Marcellus I succeeded to the pontificate in 308, in the time of Maxentius, who put him to work in the imperial stables, of which labors he is said to have died.]

Eusebius, a Greek, became pontiff in the reigns of Constantine and Maxentius. He decreed that no layman should cause a bishop to be summoned into court. During his ministry, on the 3rd day of May, the cross of the Lord was found. This pope allowed heretics to be reconciled by laying on of hands alone. He died at Rome and was buried in the cemetery of Calixtus on the Appian Way on the sixth Nones of October. He sat six years one month and three days, although some historians are doubtful as to his term. The papal chair was vacant one day at this time.[Eusebius was bishop of Rome for four months under the emperor Maxentius (309-10). The Christians in Rome were divided on the question of the reconciliation of apostates. The mild views of Eusebius brought forward a competitor, Heraclius; but both were expelled by the emperor.]

Melchiades (Melciades[Melciades' name is spelled 'Elciades' in the Beloit College copy of the since space was left for the initial letter 'M' to be painted in later.]), a pope, by birth an African, lived in the times of Maxentius, Licinius and Maximinus, and was distinguished for his piety and skill. He decreed that no man be condemned or judged through enmity or without credible evidence; also that no one fast on Sunday or Thursday, as the pagans held these days holy. He also made laws regulating the sacrifice. At this time the Manichean heresy gained the upper hand at Rome. After these events this pope was crowned with martyrdom at the instigation of Maximinus; likewise also Peter, the Alexandrian bishop, and Lucianus of Antioch, a Roman priest, and many others. Melchiades sat four years seven months and 19 days, and the chair rested 17 days.[Melchiades was pope from July 2, 310 to January 11, 314. The toleration edicts of Galerius and of Constantine and Licinius were published during his pontificate, which was also marked by the Lateran Synod in Rome (313), at which Caecilianus, bishop of Carthage, was acquitted of charges brought against him, while Donatus was condemned.]


The first council was depicted at folio CXVIII verso, and here the design is similar. Marcellinus, who called the council for his own condemnation, appears in the center of the group, though not in sackcloth and ashes. The Holy Spirit, symbolized by a dove, hovers over the gathering. Sinuessa was situated on the seacoast and on the Via Appia in the midst of the fertile country of Campania.