First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…

Regensburg (Ratisbona), the celebrated and memorable free city on the Danube, was built by Tiberius Nero in the year Jesus Christ suffered for the salvation of the human race; and at one time it was the capital city of Bavaria. In ancient times this region was occupied by the Norici, for which reason a portion of it is still called Norica to this day. After the Norici came the Baioaria; and it is now called Bavaria. This same Bavarian name originated from the Boii,[Boii, one of the most powerful of the Celtic people, said to have originally dwelt in Gaul (Transalpine), but in what part of the country is uncertain. At an early time they migrated in two great swarms, one of which crossed the Alps and settled in the country between the Po and the Apennines; the other crossed the Rhine and settled in that part of Germany called Boihemum (Bohemia) after them, and between the Danube and the Tyrol. The Boii in Germany were subdued by the Marcomanni, and expelled from the country. We find 32,000 Boii taking part in the Helvetian migration; and after the defeat of the Halvetians (58 BCE) Caesar allowed these Boii to dwell among the Aedui, a powerful people in Gaul, who lived between the Liger (Loire) and the Arar (Saone).] a Gallic people who (as Strabo states), having been driven out of their country by the Romans, migrated to the Danube and lived with the Taurisci.[The Taurisci were a Celtic people of Noricum, and this was probably the old Celtic name of the entire population of the country. They were subsequently called Norici by the Romans after their capital Noreia.] They also lived in Pannonia, from whence they probably extended themselves into the neighboring region of Norica. Although, according to Strabo, this region was at one time a wilderness, it is now built up, and has renowned cities and noble fortifications. But of these Regensburg excels all others in beauty. In Bavaria there are five episcopal cities. The capital is the archi-episcopal city of Salzburg, so called from the river on which it lies. The ancients called it Juvanum (or Juvavia), that is, Helffenburg. The bishopric of Regensburg was very celebrated, and all of Bohemia was subject to it. The city has seven names: Firstly, it is named Tiberina, or Tiburina, after its builder; for Tiberius, son of Livia, the wife of Augustus, and step-son of Augustus, was sent by Augustus with a great army against the Norici, or Bavarians, and against the Vindelici. He subdued them; and he built the city; and after him it was called Tiberina. Secondly, for some time the city was called Quadrata, the square city; for it was built in that form and was surrounded by a wall of large square stones, of which remains may be seen behind St. Paul’s Church. Thirdly, it was called Hyatospolis or Hyaspolis, because of the coarse rustic speech of the people in the neighborhood, who pronounced their words with wide-open mouths;[After ‘hiatus,’ a ‘gap’ or ‘opening’ in Greek; grammatically the strained pronunciation arising when one vowel immediately follows another without being combined with it, as if we should saw "a apple"; a hiatus within a word being called internal, between words external.] but also because of the manner in which the rivers here spread out and flow together again. The Danube, Nab, and Regen flow into one another toward the north. Fourthly, it was called Germansheim, after the German people who frequented the city; or after Germanicus, who ruled over the city. Fifthly, Reginopolis, or Koenigsburg, because kings and princes assembled there, as the palatial towers and tall buildings of the lords indicate. Sixthly, it was named after the river Imber (in German, Regen);[Imber, the Latin for rainwater; water or liquid in general; a rain cloud or storm cloud. The German regen means rain.] that is, Imbripolis, or Regensburg; for the river Regen flows into the Danube to the north of the city, and there the city was begun. For it the city was named Regensburg, which name has remained to this day. Seventhly, it is called Ratisbona, after the small merchant vessels or boats that came there, and the vessels that during the war laid about it for protection in the time of Charlemagne. And the city was strengthened with fortifications, and is to this day is called Ratisbona in the Latin. The Danube,