First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…

Year of the World 5453

Year of Christ 254

Lucius the pope, a Roman, was elected pope after Cornelius under emperor Gallus Hostilianus. He was exiled by the emperor Volusian (Volusianus). He was released from exile after the death of the same emperor, and again returned to Rome. He ordained that two priests and three deacons should always be about a bishop, giving testimony of his life and transactions. Before being led to martyrdom at the command of Valerian (Valerianus) he left all his power over the churches to his archdeacon Stephen (Stephano). His martyrdom having been accomplished on the 25th day of the month of August, he was buried in the cemetery of Calixtus on the Appian Way after having sat for three years 3 months and 3 days. The chair was then vacant thirty-five days.[According to Eusebius ( 7.2), Lucius did not hold the papal office quite 8 months, when dying he transferred it to Stephen. He spent a short period of his pontificate in exile. He is referred to in several letters of Cyprian as agreeing with his predecessor Cornelius in preferring the milder treatment of lapsed penitents. He is commemorated on March 4th. His term is generally given as 252-3 CE, or 253-4 CE.]

Year of the World 5458

Year of Christ 257

Stephen (Stephanus) the First, the pope, a Roman, and a very good man, ordained that the priests, and their Levites, should not wear the garments designed for pious uses at any other place than in the churches and in sacred transactions, so that by acting to the contrary they would not suffer the punishment visited upon Belshazzar (Balthasar), the Babylonian king, who touched the sacred vessels with unworthy hands. This pope was of the same opinion as Pope Cornelius concerning those who returned to the faith, and held that no communion was to be had with those who were rebaptized. After he had converted many to the Christian faith by his words and works, he was beheaded by Gallienus, or those who at the command of Decius persecuted the Christians; and thus he suffered martyrdom with many others of his people, and was buried in the cemetery of Calixtus on the Appian Way on the 2nd day of August. He sat (in office) seven years, five months and two days. The chair was vacant for twenty-two days.[According to Eusebius ( 7.2), it was Stephen to whom Dionysius wrote the first of his epistles on baptism, as there was no small amount of controversy whether those returning from any heresy whatever should be purified by baptism. Stephen held office for only 2 years, being then succeeded by Sixtus. He withdrew from church fellowship with Cyprian and certain Asiatic bishops on account of their views as to the rebaptizing of heretics. He is commemorated on August 2nd and was succeeded by Sixtus II.]

Sixtus the Second, a pope, native of Athens in Greece, from having been a philosopher, became a disciple of Christ while the Decian and Valerian persecutions were still going on. This was a highly learned man, who with great industry aimed to discredit and disperse the heresies of Sabellius[Sabellius, African bishop of the 3rd century CE, taught that God exists as one person, the Son and the Spirit being but different manifestation of God; the doctrine of a model Trinity, that is, characterized by form without reference to substance.] and Nepos.[Nepos asserted there would be an earthly reign of Christ.] However, because of his preaching of the Christian faith contrary to imperial prohibition, he was accused and taken prisoner to the temple of Mars to make sacrifices to the pagan god or lose his head. And as he went to martyrdom Lawrence (Laurentius), the archdeacon, said to him, Father, where are you going without your son and servant? Sixtus answered, Son, I do not leave you. There are much greater trials awaiting you in the battle for the Christian faith. In three days you will follow me. What you have in wealth, give to the poor in the meantime. On the 6th day of the month of August there were slain with Sixtus, six deacons, namely Felicissimus, Agapitus, Januarius, Magnus, Innocentius and Stephen (Stephanus). He sat for two years ten months and twenty-three days. And the papal see was vacant for thirty-five days.[Sixtus II, Roman bishop in 257, suffered martyrdom under Valerian on August 6, 258. He restored the relations with the Eastern and African churches that had been broken off by his predecessor on the question of heretical baptism. He was succeeded by Dionysius.]

Dionysius was a monk, and became a pope. He divided the churches and cemeteries at Rome among the priests; also the outlying rectories and bishoprics, so that each would be content with its own jurisdiction. He ordained that no lay or ecclesiastical tribunal should condemn any person unless he first be found guilty by credible witnesses. In his declining years he called a Council in the city of Antioch against Paul, the bishop there. And although Dionysius, because of his age, did not himself attend, yet he was represented in writing in all the transactions of the Council through Maximus. When he died he was buried in the cemetery at Calixtus. He consecrated twelve priests, six deacons and seven bishops, and sat six years two months and four days; and the chair was vacant six days.[Dionysius was pope from 259 to 268. To him fell the task of reorganizing the church after the persecution of Valerian. At the protest of some of the faithful at Alexandria, he demanded from their bishop (also called Dionysius) explanations touching his doctrine. He died December 26, 268.]

Year of the World 5463

Year of Christ 264

Felix the pope, a Roman, lived in the time of Aurelian. He was a righteous man, worthy of every praise. He ordered that the sacrifices to the martyrs should be celebrated by the priests every year, and also that the mass was to be celebrated only at consecrated places and by spiritual persons. He also ordained that the consecration of churches take place in a festal manner and in due form, and that churches whose consecration was not remembered, or whose walls were in ruin, should be reconsecrated. After having consecrated nine priests, five deacons and five bishops, this Felix became a martyr. He was buried on the Aurelian Road to Rome on the 30th day of the month of May, in the church which he had built in honor of the Lord two miles from the city. He occupied the papal chair four years 2 months and 15 days; and then the chair remained vacant for five days.[Felix I was pope from January 269 until his death in January 274. His name is given as a martyr in the Roman calendar and elsewhere, but his title to this honor is by no means proved. He appears in connection with the dispute in the church of Antioch between Paul and Samosta, who had been deprived of his bishopric by a council of bishops for heresy. He ordered the church building to be given to the bishop who was "recognized by the bishops of Italy and the city of Rome." (, t.I, ed., Duchesne, 1886).]