First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…

Year of the World 5313

Year of Christ 114

Alexander the pope was by birth a Roman. He was young in years, but mature in manners. He was successor to Pope Evaristus and in office to the time of Emperor Hadrian (Adrianus). By his skill and piety he converted many nobles to the faith, and made various laws for the conduct of the church: Firstly, that no one, under pain of excommunication, should obstruct a papal legate. Likewise, he ordered that no cleric should be accused before a temporal judge, and that only one mass is to be celebrated on a single day, and by one person. So also the wafers should be made not of leavened but of unleavened (dough). And that holy water should be kept in the churches and in the bedchambers to drive away the devil. Now, having performed countless miracles, and among these cured Balbina, daughter of Quirinus, the Roman, and baptized the same tribune with all his household, and having held three consecrations in December, he, together with Eventius and Theodorus, the deacons, was martyred on the third day of the month of May. He sat (in office) ten years seven months and two days; and the chair was vacant 25 days.[Alexander I was bishop (pope) of Rome from 106 to 115. He has been identified, without any foundation, with Alexander, a martyr of the Via Nomentana, whose feast day is May 3rd.]

Year of the World 5323

Year of Christ 124

Sixtus the pope was a native Roman. He ordained that the holy vessels and objects belonging to the holy office were not to be touched by anyone other than the person performing such office, and particularly not by any woman. And so the "corporal" should be made of nothing but linen and purest cloth. He also ordered that in the office of the mass the Sanctus should be sung. In these times, because of many slayings, few could be found who dared to acknowledge Christ, and when the Christians of Gaul desired a leader, Sixtus sent Peregrinus, a Roman citizen, there. But after these same Gauls had been confirmed in the faith, and Peregrinus returned to Rome, he was slain. Sixtus, after performing three consecrations in the month of December, was crowned with martyrdom and buried in the Vatican beside St. Peter. He sat ten years, three months and 21 days; and the papal chair was then vacant but two days.[Sixtus I was the sixth bishop (pope) of Rome (c. 116-125) and took his name on that account.]

Year of the World 5333

Year of Christ 134

Telesphorus (Thelesphorus), a native of Greece, lived in the time of Antoninus Pius the emperor. He was a man of exceptional learning and virtue. He ordained that the fast (Lent) should be kept for seven weeks before Easter, and that on the eve of the celebration of the Birth of Christ Jesus Christ, three masses should be said at night; and before the blessing of the Host, the Gloria in Excelsis should be sung. And having performed four consecrations in the month of December, and ordained fifteen priests, eight deacons, and thirteen bishops, he suffered martyrdom and was buried beside the body of St. Peter. He sat eleven years, three months and 22 days; and the chair was vacant for seven days.[Telesphorus, bishop (i.e., pope) of Rome, from about 126 till about 137, according to Irenaeus, suffered martyrdom.]

Year of the World 5343

Year of Christ 144

Hyginus (Higinus) the pope, a Greek from Athens, successor to Pope Telesphorus in the time of Emperor Antoninus Pius, wisely established order among the clergy, classifying them according to rank. Churches were not to be consecrated without the office of the mass; nor was their number to be increased or decreased without the consent of the bishop or archbishop. He also decreed that a godfather and godmother be present at the baptism or confirmation. This was a highly learned man, and he wrote an excellent epistle upon the unity and trinity of God, to be read by all Christian believers. And after he had performed three consecrations in the month of December, he died and was buried beside the body of St. Peter. After he had sat for four years three months and four days, the chair rested for four days.[Hyginus (c. 140) was the eighth pope. It was during his pontificate (c. 137-140) that the Gnostic heresies began to appear in Rome.]

Year of the World 5353

Year of Christ 154

Pius the pope, an Italian of Aquileia, lived in the time of M. Antoninus Verus the emperor, and in common with Hermas (Hermete) wrote a book entitled the Shepherd, in which an angel in the likeness of a shepherd bade him to advise all people to celebrate Easter on Sunday; and this he did. He likewise ordered that certain heretics of the Jewish faith should not be baptized. At the instance of the pious woman Praxedis, and in honor of her sister Pudenciana, at Rome, he performed consecrations in the street called Patricius, and granted pardons, receiving gifts, and often saying mass there. And there also he established a baptismal font. And for the priests’ neglectful handling of the blood and body of Christ[The ‘blood and body of Christ’ were the wine and wafer used in the sacrament of communion.] he imposed the penance, that wherever it might fall, there they were to lick it up. After having, in the exercise of great virtue, on five occasions, consecrated nineteen priests, twenty-nine deacons and ten bishops, he died a martyr to Christ, and was buried with his ancestors. He sat eleven years, four months and three days; and the chair rested for thirteen days.[Pius I, pope from about 142 to 154, was the brother of Hermas, author of . Hermas, a disciple of the Apostle Paul, and one of the apostolic fathers, is supposed to be the same person as the Hermas who is mentioned in Paul’s Epistle to the Romans (16:14). He wrote a Greek work entitled , of which a Latin translation is still extant. Its object is to instruct persons in the duties of Christian life.]