First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…

Although the Rhodians suffered no small measure of distress at the hands of the Turks, they were subjected to still greater wars after the siege and capture of Constantinople. After the Turks, in a period of twenty-four years, had subjugated ever so many neighboring cities and lands, yet Mohammed was hurt in his pride because Rhodes, although near at hand, was still free and not subject to his rule; and accordingly, the Mohammedan Sultan appeared before Rhodes, whither he had sailed with a large and mighty army. On the 23rd day of the month of May, A.D. 1480 he made his camp on Mt. St. Stephen and thereabout; and for three months he attacked the city without cessation. But Peter Dabuson, the grand-master of Rhodes, wise and courageous man, gave proof of his firmness by fearless and manly resistance; in consequence whereof, and by divine aid, the Turks were dispersed by the Christian knights, driven off, defeated, and forced to flee in such confusion that they succumbed in the crush. It is said that the Turks saw an apparition, and became so alarmed that they took to flight; wherefore it is proper to affirm that this victory was given from heaven to the Christian knights, who with such small numbers were able to withstand the mighty enemy which had reached the very walls. And the Mohammedan Sultan, on the 89th day after the siege of the City of Rhodes had begun, sailed away with his fleet in disgrace and dishonor. Peter, the grand-master received funds and assistance from Pope Sixtus and other Christian persons in Europe, and was thus enabled to rehabilitate the invaded and devastated island.

At this time an aged old man, leading a retired and secluded life in a vast hermitage near Lucerne, in Switzerland, maintained himself for twenty years without bodily sustenance. They called him Brother Nicholas. His body was lean and exhausted, just skin, veins and bones. And although these hermits live an inactive life in the shade, and do not fully digest their food, thus causing damp, cold and raw accumulations in their bodies, which enables them to fast longer; yet this man throughout this long period of time led a spotless and heavenly existence. And although many accused Brother Nicholas of possessing an inordinate desire for fame, and interpreted his life as vainglorious, stating that therein he found his reward, yet they judge unjustly. Why do they speak ill of this man after he has spent such a long life in poverty and seclusion, and consumed so many years comforting those who sought him, and maintaining the utmost and strictest resignation and humility. He craved nothing and molested no one. Had he sought human praise for his great labors, such praise would have been but small reward for his pains. He is a fool, who for worldly renown afflicts his body. But this was a pious and righteous man. He repressed covetousness and scorned worldly honors; nor did he manifest a spark of pride. He fixed his hopes in future blessedness; and as a recompense for the strictness of his life awaited the immortal riches of heavenly treasures. His constant gladness of heart manifested the unwavering certainty of his hopes; for he was never sad, but always observed to be in a happy state of mind. He was innocent of mortal sin and devoted himself to good works and to contemplation; so that with St. Paul he might say, Our glory and renown are the testimony of our conscience. For me is laid up the crown of righteousness which shall be given me by the righteous judge when my time comes. This Nicholas was also protected by the bishop of Constance. Finally he died of old age, and a quiet sleep released his old soul. His remains were buried in his parish church, and there he rested, not without manifesting miracles. To the people there he prophesied a number of future events, and left to posterity proof of the great joy found in piety.

Hydruntum, a large maritime city in Apuleia, was besieged, attacked, and finally taken by the Turkish forces in this year of 1480. The archbishop there was slain and all the people beheaded. Francesco Lurgus, the duke there, was captured and sawed in twain. Over 12,000 persons were killed, and not over 22 escaped. Evil days would have fallen upon Apuleia had the Turkish sultan continued to live. When he died, Alphonso, the duke of Calabria, besieged the city; and when the Turks learned of the death of their sultan they surrendered to the duke and secured safe conduct.