First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…

Galeazzo Maria, duke of Milan, was stabbed to death without warning on the day of St. Stephen, the first martyr, in A.D. 1477, at the high altar of St. Stephen’s Church at Milan, by the Milanese nobleman, Giovanni Andrea Lamprogniano. Galeazzo Maria was chosen duke to succeed Francesco Sforza, and he ruled for 9 years and 10 months. He was a quick witted and proud prince; erected many buildings in the city of Milan and paved its streets with cut stone. He replenished his father’s empty treasury with riches, and with exceptional zeal and industry and at great expense engaged the best singers for divine services. But after he began to indulge an unbridled desire for women, without regard for his nobility, dignity, majesty and high princely office, he was stabbed to death, pursuant to a sworn pact, at the age of thirty-three, in the presence of all the people and his retainers; and so he died in disgrace and was buried with his ancestors. By his wife Bona, duchess of Savoy, he left two sons and a daughter. Giovanni Maria, his son, was made duke at the age of nine years on the holy day of the three kings.

Charles, duke of Burgundy, son of Duke Philip the Good, and last of the illustrious and royal French line, was a powerful, earnest, proud and forbidding looking man; yet he was just and kind, devoted to the giving of alms and to divine service. Then he reached the age of twenty years, and those of Ghent had exacted charter of liberties from his father, he collected an army against them, captured the city, and ordered the charter burned in the market-place. Thereafter he became involved in animosities with King Louis of France. After these were pacified he proceeded against those of Liege with a military force, captured and subdued it, and after much slaughter and plundering, razed it to the ground. He then mustered another army in support of the English king Edward, his brother-in-law, who had been driven out of Britain by Count Doverich and King Henry of Portugal, and began a war against them and King Having succeeded in restoring Edward to his native country, he next directed his forces against King Louis, subjecting him to much damage and mischief. After this matter was ended by a peace, he proceeded with a great force against the city of Neuss on the Rhine. But when Emperor Frederiok came to the city’s rescue, Charles withdrew homeward. Having subjugated many cities and lands in great battles, Charles proceeded against the city of Nancy in Lorraine, intending to make war against the Swiss; but the Swiss fell upon his army with such vigor that Charles retreated, and was slain and lost in the flight. He left an only daughter, who became his heir. She was espoused to Maximilian, son of Emperor Frederick and now Roman emperor. To this Charles three cities were dangerous—Granson, to his estate; Morat, to his army; and Nancy, to his person.

Ferdinand, king of Naples, in 1473, undertook to disturb the peace of Italy. He sent Count Jerome, the uncle of Pope Sixtus, and Cardinal Raphael, nephew of the same count, and Francesco Silviatus, the archbishop of Pisa, accompanied by 300 men, to Florence. Together with their partisans they caused a revolt, wherein Giuliano de Medici was stabbed to death, and Lorenzo de Medici was severely wounded. But to some extent the revolt was wisely silenced. Thereafter many of the instigators were slain, and many others, including the archbishop of Pisa, were hanged. In the meantime the Florentines detained Cardinal Raphael until the enterprise subsided and was abandoned.

Locusts, flying over Italy in the same year, devastated the country about Brescia; and if Marquis Louis of Mantua had not interfered, they would have eaten up all the regions of Lombardy.

A great and gruesome plague prevailed throughout Italy in this year. At Brescia 20,000 persons succumbed to it; at Venice 30,000. This was caused by the locusts and by an eclipse of the sun, that occurred in July of the same year.

The venetians were oppressed by the great Ottoman invasion of Etruria, Macedonia and Forli. Being unable to move the pope, and having been harassed for 27 years by the long and daily wars of the Turks in Greece, Macedonia and Forli, they entered into a treaty with the Mohammedan sultan, restoring what had formerly belonged to him, and obligating themselves to pay him the sum of 100,000 florins for two years.