First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…

of Austria, for the many miracles to his credit. He adorned the city of Rome with buildings and with paintings valued at 45,000 ducats. In 1490 he held a diet, attended by emissaries of the Christian kings, princes and cities, to take action against the Turks. Through the help of Raymundus Peraudus, the archdeacon, he raised a large sum of money by the sale of indulgences, which extended not only to the living, but also to the dead. Finally he turned his attention to the welfare of his subjects and to the protection of the church and its dignities. He was a promoter of righteousness, a zealous lover of peace, and an industrious administrator of surplus produce; a generous patron of learned and pious men, merciful to the poor, a comforter of the distressed, kind to the princes, and devoted to God and his saints. Finally he died in A.D. 1492, in the eighth year of his pontificate.

Emperor Frederick, in mid-winter A.D. 1469, for devotional reasons made a journey to Rome, where he was magnificently received by the pope. On the bridge across the Tiber he made 122 knights. Later on, when the town of Trieste became antagonistic toward him, he ravaged it through the dukes.

Mohammed, the Turkish sultan, invaded Euboea with a great and mighty fleet and 100,000 horse; and he stormed the city of Chalcis for thirty days, and destroyed it; but he lost many of his men. The Venetians also sent a large fleet against the Turks.

A great comet appeared in the month of January 1472. It was flame-colored and had a black tail. It proceeded westward but veered to the north. It was seen for eighty days, and before it vanished, another comet with a fiery tail appeared, proceeding eastward. Then followed an unprecedented drought; and later the plague broke out in a number of places, and there arose many dissensions, revolts and cruel wars.

Christian (Christiernus), king of Denmark, Norway and Sweden, duke of Holsatz Stormar in Oldenburg, and count of Delmenhorst, a very Christian man, and endowed with many virtues, in A.D. 1474, in fulfillment of a vow proceeded to Rome through Lombardy and Tuscany, and was received with great honor and decorum by all the princes, lords, and the rulers of the cities. At Rome a dignified delegation of cardinals came to meet him. Later he was received very honorably by Pope Sixtus IV, who gave him a golden rose that according to custom the pope annually bestowed upon some Christian prince on Sunday in mid-Lent. The king began to treat of a general peace to be observed by Christian princes, and urged a general crusade against the Turks. However, finding that nothing could be accomplished, he returned homeward through the Italian cities. He lived a number of years, leading a good and virtuous life, an image of piety to the end. His spouse was the illustrious Dorothea, born margravine of Brandenburg, who still lives.

Charles, duke of Burgundy, besieged the city of Neuss, situated on the Rhine below Cologne. But when Emperor Frederick with the entire forces of the Roman empire came to the aid of the city, the duke made peace and withdrew his army.

The Jubilee or Year of Grace, Instituted by Pope Paul, was celebrated by Pope Sixtus in 1475. King Ferdinand came to Rome at this time, and with the consent of the pope negotiated a treaty between the Italian princes and the cities, to which the emperor was the first signatory.

Ercole (Hercules) d’Este, son of the Marquis Niccolo, and brother of Borso, second duke of Ferrara, who succeed ed his father in the government, not without great opposition ruled up to the present. He was a good and intelligent man, and experienced in military affairs. He espoused the kind hearted woman Eleanora, daughter of King Ferdinand; and by her he begot four sons and two daughters. At the instigation and pursuant to the advice of his brother-in-law, he was influenced to turn away from the Venetians and to ally himself with his brother-in-law and other relatives, thereby jeopardizing the alliance and privileges of the Venetians. Thereupon the letter made war against him by land and sea, depriving him of much of his dominions. Fortunately, however, Alphonso, duke of Calabria, son of King Ferdinand, and a very good warrior, came to his assistance with an army while the pope supported him with the ban. After the restoration of peace Ercolo improved the city of Ferrara with beautiful buildings.