First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…

The art of printing was first invented in A.D. 1440 in the city of Mainz, situated on the Rhine, in Germany, from whence it spread into all parts of the world. Through this art the precious literature and wisdom contained in the books of the ancients, long unknown to the world and buried in the sepulchre of ignorance, were again brought forth into the light. And thus many books, useful and necessary to mankind, and available at no small expense, became procurable in time for little money. If this art had been discovered and employed sooner, undoubtedly many books of Titus Livius, Tullius, Pliny, and other highly learned men, would not have been lost in the turbulence of the times. And as the inventors who from time to time made discoveries in the applied arts are entitled to no small amount of credit, who can say with what measure of praise, honor and renown are to be esteemed those Germans who, through their brilliant and ingenious skill, thought out and discovered the art of printing, by which the long closed fountain of untold wisdom of sacred and profane art was caused to again flow forth to all mankind?

Nicholaus Perotus of Sassoferrato, bishop of Siponto, a distinguished teacher of the Holy Scriptures, and a skilled orator, flourished at this time. He compiled a number of commendable things concerning the Holy Scriptures and wrote a book for the proper instruction and rearing of children. He also wrote a number of manuscripts, and made translations from the Greek into Latin.

Robert of Lycia, of the Franciscan Order, bishop of Aquileia, highly learned in the Holy Scriptures, well versed in ecclesiastical learning, a doctor, and a teacher of all preachers, was held in great honor and esteem at this time by all the Italians for his brilliant and marvelous learning and preaching. He left many elegant sermons and teachings for the instruction of the faithful.

Matheolus Perusinus, a highly learned doctor, flourished at this time as a prince among physicians and natural philosophers and those learned in the liberal and other arts. He was a whole-souled, virtuous, intelligent, and highly informed man, worldly wise, truthful, and versed in the arts of poetry and eloquence. He was also experienced in astronomy, geometry, arithmetic, and music; and not content with all these, he assiduously studied the Holy Scriptures. Through his literary wisdom and ingenuity he influenced his scholars to diligence, attentiveness, and a kindly feeling toward their studies. He was gifted with keen senses, versatility in the arts, and ability of expression, and withal, was a praiseworthy man. To this testifies Doctor Hartmann Schedel, man highly learned in medicine, and a citizen of Nuremberg, who for three years regularly heard him lecture on the art of medicine at the University of Padua, thus receiving the benefit of his good instruction, Matheolus died of old age, and was buried at Padua.

Battista, surnamed Platina, a composer of papal letters, a magnanimous and able man, and not the least among his contemporaries as a writer and orator, was held in honor and esteem during this time. On various charges Pope Paul deprived him of all his possessions and dignities, and lodged him in prison. There he remained until the death of Pope Paul, whose successor, Pope Sixtus, liberated him after he had suffered many hardships, and restored him to his former status as a man of scriptural wisdom and experience. He wrote and left behind many excellent works. He died of the plague, at Rome, in A.D. 1481.

Dominicus Calderinus of Verona, an eloquent orator, versed in no small measure in the Greek and Latin tongues, and distinguished for his skill in poetry, wrote many excellent manuscripts that attest his ingenuity and art, and which are well known to the learned. He died in A.D. 1477.

Marius Philelphus, son of Franciscus Philelphides, orator and knight, was a laureated poet and a doctor of philosophy and the liberal arts, and was famed and renowned throughout Italy at this time. He composed and left many beautiful poems in metric and free verse; and because of his art he was in the regular pay of Frederick, Margrave of Mantua. He died in A.D. 1480.