First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…

who had been driven out of St. John Lateran. When this pope Paul became aware of King George’s faithlessness, he incited the Ger mans and Hungarians against him. This Paul outdid his predecessors in papal customs and pomp, and for use in his papal tiara, he accumulated many precious stones and pearls. During his term as pontiff he made ten cardinals. Although he thought to live for a long time, he died of a stroke in the month of July A.D, 1471, in the second hour of the night after having joyfully eaten his evening meal in a happy gathering, in the seventh year of his pontificate. He found great pleasure in eating melons, crabs, filled cakes, and fish, and this (it is said) caused the stroke. The day before the night on which he died, he had eaten two large melons. On the following day his remains were buried at an early hour at St. Peter’s minster; and the pontifical chair rested for nine days.

Antoninus, archbishop of Florence, a Dominican father, erstwhile a judge in legal matters and transactions at Rome, of a pious life and good morals, and highly learned in the Holy Scriptures, was at this time held in great esteem and renown by the Italians because of his scriptural wisdom. He left to posterity numerous large books, produced with great labor, and containing lengthy commentaries. Among these is an elegant and excellent summa, touching matters of conscience, and of great service to the priests, and necessary to them. He also compiled many historical works for the instruction of mortals. He finally died in the month of May A.D. 1459, not without the great blessings of piety, and illustrious for many miracles. His remains were carried with great honors from the bishop’s residence in St. Mark’s cloister.

Borso, marquis and first duke of Ferrara, brother of Lionello, the marquis, and son of Nicholas d’Este, took over the marquisate of Ferrara upon the death of his brother Lionello; and he governed for twenty-two years. He was an ingenious man, but not crafty or deceitful. His words were pregnant with wisdom, his actions brave and lordly. When Emperor Frederick came to him and observed his magnificence and magnanimity, he made him (as heretofore stated) a duke of the cities of Modena and Reggio; to which dignity ho was confirmed by Pope Paul after a number of years. But as his father Nicholas had born this Borso and other sons by concubines, and had now become aged, he begot two other sons by a lawful wife, namely, Ercole and Sigismund; and to them he left the inheritance, under the guardianship of Lionello, his brother, who sent them to Naples and took over the government. Lionello had but one son, named Nicholas, shortly after whose birth Lionello died; and as Nicholas was then incompetent to rule, the sovereignty passed to Borso on condition that upon his death the sovereignty descend to Nicholas. When Borso entered upon the sovereignty he recalled Ercole and Sigismund; and he loved them and Nicholas as his own sons. Borso was highly learned in sacred and profane literature, and was fond of learned men. He built a widely celebrated Carthusian monastery, and died in the twenty-second year of his rule.

Ferdinand II, son of King Alphonso, by a concubine, at this time secured the kingdom of Naples by inheritance under the will and testament of his father. But since King Alphonso died without lawful heirs of his body, and the kingdom was regarded as having escheated to the Roman See as a fief, Pope Calixtus undertook to recover it by force of arms; but in the course of these events he died; and thereafter Ferdinand secured confirmation from Pope Pius, contrary to the wishes of the French. After having secured the kingdom by peaceable means, he defeated many enemies in war, and with the assistance and cooperation of Pope John, he drove the son of the duke of Anjou, named Renatus (Rene), out of Apuleia. After the death of Pope Pius he was at enmity with Pope Paul and his successsors, and fought against the Venetians at the instance of the Cyprians. It is said that he incited the Turks against the Venetians; but thereafter the Venetians made peace with the Turks, and with an army proceeded against Ferdinand, taking from him the Italian maritime city of Hydruntum (Otranto).