First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…

Year of the World 6657

Year of Christ 1458

Pius II, previously called Aeneas Piccolomini, an Italian of Siena, surnamed Silvius after his father, was elected pope in this year, on the 20th day of the month of August, at a general election held by all the cardinals. He was a man worthy of every praise, a good speaker, and of exceptional intelligence and worldly prudence. He was not given to idleness, and was called upon to handle important affairs. He first learned grammar, later the art of poetry, and then the art of oratory. These he grasped with such ingenuity that in a short time he wrote many elegant Latin poems. Finally he devoted himself to the study of imperial civil law. He went to Basle, firstly with Dominico Capranica, subsequently with Bartholomew, the Novarian bishop, and afterward with Nicholas, the cardinal of Saint Croix, and was always hold in esteem by everyone. He was a secretary in the same council, and prepared the papal letters. In the council he made many speeches, and was often employed as an emissary on the business of the council. Finally he was sent to Frederick, the Roman king, by Pope Felix; and he transacted the business delegated to him with such ingenuity that the king laureated him with the crown of a poet, created him a protonotary, and thereafter adopted him as a councillor, following his advice in serious and trying transactions. After the election of Pope Nicholaus and the death of the bishop of Trieste, Aeneas, without his knowledge, was appointed to the bishopric by the pope and the Roman king. Later Pope Calixtus made him a cardinal, and when Calixtus died, he was elected pope. After receiving the papal tiara he devoted himself entirely to the care of Christendom. He excommunicated Duke Sigismund of Austria because of his proceedings against a cardinal. He deposed the archbishops of Mainz and Benevento. Unmoved by fear or avarice he conferred no benefits on kings or other people. He enrolled Catherine of Siena in the number of the saints. He rejected certain measures undertaken in France, and opened several mines at Tolpha. He brought about a truce between King Ferdinand and Sigismund Malatesta in order to facilitate access to Mantua, where he had ordered a general council of the Christians to be held. In mid-winter this pope left Rome and came to Mantua. And there in the assembly of many princes and delegates, a crusade against the Turks was ordered by common consent. This pope erected many beautiful and renowned buildings, not only at Rome, but also at Siena. He was a person of moderate life, and wasted no time. He was short in stature, gray before his time, of earnest countenance, but moderated by ease, and strong in body. He was wearied by long journeys and constant work, and often pained by coughing, the stone, and the gout. He made twelve cardinals during his pontificate. He finally died of a fever at Ancona, in the sixth year of his pontificate. His remains were taken to Rome, and buried in St. Peter’s Church.

Year of the World 6663

Year of Christ 1464

Paul II, a Venetian, previously called Pietro Barbo, nephew of Pope Eugenius, and a cardinal of St. Mark, was elected pope in this year, on the last day of the month of August. He was a great, lordly and dauntless man. While still young he decided to join the merchant class then held in esteem at Venice. But when he learned that his mother’s brother, Gabriel, was elected pope, and called Eugenius, he went away at the suggestion of his brother Paul Barbo, and being now more grown up, he devoted himself to the study of the Scriptures. Thereafter, Eugenius, his mother’s brother, advanced him from one position to another, until he finally became a cardinal. He was by nature a kind and wholesome man, and succeeded Pius when he died. He was so addicted to gathering up money that he always exacted a payment for the benefices which he conferred. But such moneys he at times expended generously, for he loved to help the poor cardinals, bishops, needy nobility, spinsters, widows, and the sick. He also arranged that the grain and other necessaries of life were obtainable at Rome at a cheaper price than theretofore. At Rome he erected many magnificent and noble buildings, and was regarded as a just, gentle, proud and serious man. He reinstated the regular canons