First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…

As far as is known, Emperor Frederick never took an oath, except at the time of his coronation at Aix-la-Chapelle and at Rome; and these oaths he firmly kept. And as by such oath he had obligated himself not to make any change in the estates of the Church, therefore when a demand was made upon him to the contrary, he denied the request, preferring to appear niggardly rather than commit perjury. Accordingly he delayed acting upon the numerous requests of Borsius, marquis of Ferrara, for the granting of the cities of Modena and Reggio to him as a fief, until it was demonstrated to him that the granting of these duchies in consideration of the payment of an annual tribute was really more of a benefit than a detriment in the status of the Empire. Those at his court once told him how disparagingly a number of persons had spoken of him; and he replied, Do you not know that princes, like targets, are set up to be shot at? Lightning strikes the high towers and spares the lower structures. All is well with us as long as we are assailed with words alone.”

Ladislaus, king of Hungary and Bohemia, and also duke of Austria, a son of King Albert and grandson of Emperor Sigismund, was born after the death of his father, and as soon as he saw the light of day he was baptized at Stuhlweissenburg, receiving the girdle of knighthood and the crown jewels of Hungary (which his mother had by her), all on the same day. He was taken from hence and (together with the crown) placed in the care and wardship of Emperor Frederick by his mother; and there he remained for twelve years. When Ladislaus, the king of Poland (who had undertaken the rule of the kingdom of Hungary), was shot to death in battle, this Ladislaus was made king by common consent and by the absolute will of the nobility and the landed lords. He undertook to fight against the Turks. Not long thereafter he proceeded to Prague with a large and magnifycent retinue, and there, with great honor and dignity, received the crown of the Bohemian kingdom. He remained there for some time, but never entered the heretical churches. He went to Breslau before returning to Austria. Thereafter the Count of Cilli was slain in the royal palace by Ladislaus, the son of Hunyadi. News thereof was received by King Ladislaus with great sorrow; and he went to Ofen (Buda-Pest) and ordered the sons of Hunyadi to be imprisoned, the slayer of Ladislaus to be beheaded, and Matthias apprehended and taken to Austria. In Austria it was decided to give the king a wife; and from among the noble and high born maidens Margaret, daughter of King Charles of France, was chosen to be his spouse; and a distinguished embassy was sent to her in France. Discord and dissension arose as to the place where the marriage should be celebrated. The Hungarians said Ofen (Buda-Pest); the Austrians, Vienna; the Bohemians, Prague, each preferring a different place as the proper one for such festive pomp; but through the management of George Podiebrad, the city of Prague was chosen. Having put affairs in order in Austria, the king, with a large retinue, proceeded to Bohemia. From hence two embassies were sent forth: One to Emperor Frederick on the subject of peace, the other to King Charles of France, consisting of 800 horse and golden wagons loaded with women and maidens to accompany the bride. To this wedding were invited the emperor and empress, the two sisters of the king and all German princes. But the enterprise was interrupted, by the sudden death of the king; for he succumbed to an illness whereof the physician despaired. He had a long secret conference with George Podiebrad, after which he was given the Sacrament. And when he felt death approaching he took a consecrated candle in his hand and began to recite the Lord's Prayer. When he had spoken the words ‘deliver us from evil,’ he passed away at the age of 18 years. Some say he died of an illness, others that he was poisoned. O, honor, dignity, and power of this world, how vain, fleeting, uncertain, unstable, and impotent you are!

Various monsters appeared in the month of February, 1456; for instance, a double-headed calf in Sabina. In Rome it is said to have rained blood, and in Liguria flesh. And a child was born with large face and six teeth.

A comet is said to have appeared in the month of June, and a year later another appeared; and the people were greatly distressed thereby.

Mohammed, the Turkish sultan, was dispersed and driven into flight at Weissenburg, at the confluence of the Save and the Danube, by a small number of Crusaders. This occurred on St. Sixtus Day, while John Capistrano was present. Therefore Pope Calixtus fixed upon that day as the day of the transfiguration of the Lord.

In A.D. 1456, earthquakes occurred on the 15th day of December, at the eleventh hour of the night, and again on the 30th day of the same month at the sixteenth hour, particularly at Apuleia, Naples, and Benevento, and in other cities. The like of these is not within the memory of man, nor to be found in history. Many churches and buildings, as well as the palace at Naples, were destroyed, and many people and animals were killed.