First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…

Constantinople, seat of the Oriental Empire and a singular residence of Christian wisdom, was besieged on the second day of June in this year by Mohammed, the prince of the Turks. It was beleaguered for 50 days, and attacked with force and arms, devastated and defiled in the third year of said Mohammed. He surrounded the city by land and water; and he brought with him countless baskets woven of willow, with which the enemy protected itself as they approached the moat. With a great and mighty gun they shot down and destroyed the tower at St. Roman’s gate, so that the wreckage filled in the moat, levelling it, and enabling the enemy to pass over it. And after the Turks had damaged the walls in three places, but despaired (of taking the city), he took the advice of a treacherous and faithless Christian to bring ships overland and launch them from a hill. The city had a long and narrow gate on the East, secured by ships tied to one another and by a chain; wherefore it was impossible to get to it. But in order to more securely hem in and besiege the city, the Turk caused the way on the hill to be levelled off, and the ships to be shoved over underlying barrels for a distance of fully 70 roazlaufe ; and from the shore opposite Constantinople he made a wooden bridge supported by wine barrels and 300 roszlaufe in length, over which the army might pass to the walls. And thus the city of Constantinople, and Pera also, were stormed, the walls and the gate attacked, and the upper wall scaled. The enemy caused much injury to the inhabitants by throwing stones. While entering the gates they slew about 800 Greek and Roman knights, and captured the city. The Greek emperor, Constantinus Paleologus was beheaded, and all persons six years of age, or over, were slain. The priests and inmates of the cloisters were murdered by various forms of martyrdom, while the rest of the people were slain by the sword. So much blood was spilled that it ran through the city in rivulets. The churches and other houses of God were shamefully and horribly defiled and dishonored, while many inhuman misdeeds were practiced by the raving Turks upon those of Christian blood. This happened about 1130 years after the building of the city of Constantinople.