First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…

Alphonso, son of King Ferdinand of Aragon, whose father John, a king of remote Spain, met death by a fall from his horse, ruled the kingdom of Naples for 32 years from 1442, after Renatus was defeated and expelled. Alphonso had previously ruled Aragon, Sardinia, and Spain for a long time. His rather, a pious man, left him surviving four sons, namely: Alphonso, John, Henry and Peter. As the oldest, Alphonso retained possession of the kingdom of his father. He cast his eye about therein and ruled with great power. He incited the governor of the castle to treacherously surrender the same to him. This castle was situated in the sea; and from there he made war upon the Neapolitans, so heavily besieging the city of Naples and for so long, that many people died. At last, by means of hidden underground passages he introduced soldiers into the city by night and captured it. Not long thereafter he subdued the nobility of the entire kingdom and brought everything under his power. He caused himself to be carried into the city in triumph in a golden vehicle. Having performed many great deeds, he died, leaving no legitimate son. To Ferdinand, his son by a concubine, he willed the kingdom of Apuleia; and so his brother John succeeded to the kingdom of Aragon. Alphonso left more estates and greater wealth than had any of his ancestors before him. Without contradiction he is considered the most wise and powerful sovereign among all the kings and princes of our time, moderate in his pleasures, firm in the presence of flattery and praise, and in the face of the vanities and customs common to princes, his zeal for learning is not to be forgotten.

Julianus Cesarinus, a cardinal, zealous lover of the Christian faith, and endowed with every divine and human virtue, was, in these times, sent to Hungary by Pope Eugenius as a legate to make peace between the Polish king Ladislaus and the spouse of Albert, the Roman king; and peace was made in A.D. 1444. The cardinal also influenced the same king and the Hungarians to proceed against the Turks with a large army. They slew 40,000 Turks and 18 princes. King Ladislaus was wounded in the same battle and died; likewise this cardinal.

Francesco Sforza, son-in-law of Filippo Maria, duke of Milan, was created fourth duke of Milan in the year 1448, and with Bianca Maria he reigned 17 years. He was a very brave and well-spoken man, who excelled the old kings in oratory, magnanimity, strength, gentleness, wisdom and worldly knowledge. He was also successful in knightly affairs and undertakings. In his younger days he withstood and was victorious against the Brescians, Florentines, Venetians, Milanese, Italians, and the pope; all of which mighty accomplishments have been celebrated by poets and writers, and are still apparent. So not only at Milan, but also in other cities, he erected great and mighty attractive buildings; namely, a palace at Milan, another at Lauda; a mighty hospital at Rome, and before the same city a cloister in honor of Nicholas of Tolentino. He died in A.D. 1466, and by his wife Bianca he left six sons and two daughters.

An eclipse of the sun occurred at six o’clock on the first day of September, A.D. 1448. In the same year great and terrible wars were fought in England, France, Germany, Flanders and Apuleia, and throughout Italy, murder, robbery, devastation, fire and much evil occurred. The Greeks suffered great damage at the hands of the Turks, Two years later so many deaths occurred that few people survived.