First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…

Year of the World 6646

Year of Christ 1447

Nicholas V, previously called Tomaso Sarzana, born of low estate and of humble family, and son of a physician, was elected pope by common consent in March A.D, 1447. He was very worthy of this high papal office and honor. He was so gentle, and loved the learned so much, that he appointed them to offices and benefices with great pleasure, and liberally compensated them for their translations and transcriptions from the Greek into the Latin tongue. And so Greek writings, which had remained buried for six hundred years, came to light again. He also sent learned men into all parts of Europe to search for the books, which through the neglect of the ancients and the devastations of the Tartars and coarse pagan people, had disappeared. And after this man, highly endowed in all the virtues, had rendered good service to God and to man, he attained to the office of bishop, cardinal and pope in a single year. When he had entered upon the pontificate, all men looked up to him and all princes of the world were favorable to him. For that reason and pursuant to the exhortations of Emperor Frederick, Pope Felix was influenced to abdicate. Thereupon Pope Nicholas sent him a cardinal’s hat, and appointed him a legate to Germany. Such unanimity caused great peace and joy, not only among the Roman people, but throughout the world. From this pope Nicholas, the emperor, Frederick, together with his spouse Lenora, received the imperial crown and consecration. This pope erected many magnificent and costly buildings within and without the city of Rome, consisting not only of churches but also of residences. He planned and erected walls, fortifications, towers and other structures; and also caused church ornaments to be made of gold, silver and precious stones. He caused beautiful books, handsomely embellished, to be written before the art of printing was discovered. He gave many alms to the poor and needy maidens. He was so averse to avarice that he neither sold an office, nor granted a benefice through simony. He was grateful to those who served him, and loved righteousness. He was an augumentor and instrument of peace. He held a jubilee, or year of grace, and inscribed the blessed Bernardin in the number of the saints. At last he died, either of grief over the loss of the city of Constantinople, or as the result of a fever and the gout, in A.D. 1455, in the eighth year of his pontificate.

Year of the World 6656

Year of Christ 1455

Calixtus III, a Spaniard of the city of Valencia, was born of noble parents. He was previously called Alphonso Borgia. At an advanced age he was elected pope by the cardinals in the month of April of this year. He was a man of great counsel and ingenuity, a keen doctor in both branches of the law, and secretary to King Alphonso. Shortly after the inception of his pontificate he undertook a war against the Turks, which be advocated in his writings before he became pontiff. To further this war he promptly sent ever so many preachers throughout Europe to incite the Christians against the Turks, and to secure their aid against them. By such assistance he was enabled to send a great fleet, and with it the patriarch of Aquileia, who spent three years at sea with the fleet, fighting the Asiatic enemy, capturing many islands and causing the enemy much damage. King Alphonso and the Duke of Burgundy took up the cross, agreeing to proceed against the enemy or to send their armed men. In the meantime the priests held a number of litanies, with admonitions to the people that when they heard the bells ringing at noon, they were to make their devotions and pray to God for those who would undertake to fight against the Turks. In the same matter this Calixtus ordered the office of the transfiguration of our Lord Jesus Christ. On the same account he sent Louis of Bologna, a member of the Franciscan Order, to Usucassanus, the prince of Persia and Armenia, and to the king of the Tartars, with presents and gifts as an inducement to proceed against the Turks; and through incitations and gifts they were aroused against the Turks, causing them much damage. This pope enrolled the blessed Vincentius, his countryman, and Edmund, an Englishman, in the number of the holy confessors. Calixtus was a man of upright life, generous in alms, daring in speech, and partook of food but moderately. He died in the fourth year of his pontificate, leaving 115,000 florins, which he had collected for the war against the Turks.