First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…

Nicholas da Tolentino, a father of the Order of St. Augustine, was canonized A.D. 1446, and because of his miracles he was enrolled in the number of the holy confessors by Pope Eugenius in the presence of all the Roman people and an assembly of all the cardinals. Although Pope John XXII specially recognized his sanctity, and would have canonized Nicholas ere then, he was hindered from doing so by turmoil and wars resulting from the Schism, and finally by his death; and in consequence the matter was delayed until this time. This saint was born of parents in moderate circumstances in a village in Picenum, called St. Angelo, just below the city of Fermo. On becoming of age he devoted his body and soul to the Lord, retired from the world, and entered the Augustinian Order. There he fasted, watched, and flagellated himself, and gave himself up entirely to contemplation. He spoke seldom, and only when it was necessary, dwelling upon good morals, piety, goodness, and the heavenly fatherland, and scorning the world. He wore a hair shirt and a rough iron girdle next his body, and fought the devilish temptations from which he suffered. He possessed the spirit of prophecy. When the sick and the evil-possessed were brought to him, he relieved them. While in his monastery, for 30 years he ate no meat, eggs, fish or other fat foods. In recognition of his piety a bright star appeared to him in his sleep, proceeding from his home to his cloister; and there, in the choir, behind the altar, the star stood still. There, by divine revelation, Nicholas chose to be buried. He died in blessedness, and his day is September 10th.

Laurentius of Valenza, no less a philosopher and teacher than an orator and grammarian, was held in great esteem and renown at this time. For the instructtion of posterity he wrote many elegant and useful manuscripts, epistles and letters in Latin.

Matheus Palmerius, a highly informed Florentine historian, natural philosopher and orator, flourished in his art at this time. He was present among the number of celebrated men at the Council of Florence.

Blondus Flavius of Forli, a highly learned man and in favor with Pope Eugenius because of his eloquence, was at this time held in great esteem for his skill and beneficence. In addition to his countless orations and letters, he brought great honor and glory to Italy, for with great industry he reached back into historical accounts which had lain buried for over a thousand years, and brought them together in thirty-two large volumes, wherein he elegantly treated not only of Italy, but of the entire Roman empire, its provinces and regions. He also wrote and left a number of books on other subjects.

Guarino of Verona, a student of the Greek master, Chrysoloras, mentioned a long time ago, was a highly informed and able grammarian, orator and natural philosopher, and versed in the Greek and Latin tongues. He lectured at Ferrara in the presence of countless students, and by his teachings earned great renown and praise. He translated a number of books from Greek into Latin, and wrote elegant epistles and letters. He died at a good old age and was buried in the Carmelite monastery at Ferrara.

George of Trebizond, a highly learned man, and papal secretary, was in renown and esteem at this time. At the instance of Pope Eugenius he conducted a public school at Rome for many years, and taught the Spaniards, French, Italians and Germans the art of oratory, poetry and writing.

Gregory Tiphernas, an orator, versed in Greek and Latin, translated the Asia of Strabo into Latin. So also John Aurispa, the papal secretary and orator, was held in honor and renown at this time.

Antonius Guaynerius, a renowned physician, was also illustrious at this time for his ability and scriptural wisdom. As the physicians know, he wrote and compiled many commendable and useful things concerning ailments of every nature and the remedies therefor.