First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…

Brescia (Brixia) at one time a very noble city of the Cenomani in Gaul, and erstwhile mighty among the cities of Lombardy, at this time came into the possession of the Venetians in this manner: Duke Philip of Milan there appointed an evil man as toll-gatherer. He imposed such insupportable burdens upon the citizens that the people of Brescia, weary of the load, gave the city over to the Venetians. When the Venetians had taken possession of the city, the cardinal of St. Croix sent his emissaries back and forth frequently, and made a peace between Duke Philip and the Venetians to the effect that the Venetians were to retain the city of Brescia and the little villages which the Brescians and Cremonians, and the margrave of Mantua have taken possession of. By this treaty the said cardinal also accredited to the Venetians the city of Bergamo and its province upon condition that the Venetian and Florentine confederates should refrain from war against it. Thereafter a war began between Lucca and the Florentines, and this lasted for three years, both parties suffering heavy losses.

Cosimo de Medici, a mighty citizen of Florence, was at first driven out of Florence, and later recalled. Through his management the affairs and government of the city were soon reformed and restored, and many antagonistic and disobedient citizens were sent into exile. He was the foremost citizen among the Florentines, and not only among the Italians but probably also among the nations, the most powerful in the accumulation of wealth; and in addition thereto he excelled all others in worldly prudence, goodness and gentleness, as well as in literature and history. His riches were so great that with his help Francesco Sforza attained to the duchy of Milan. He also beautified and improved many church edifices. He also erected two cloisters, one to the Dominican Order within the city, and another outside the city and not far removed therefrom; and he endowed them with libraries containing many costly Latin and Greek books. He also erected other cloisters and remarkable buildings in the city. He died at a good old age, and left as his heir a son named Piero.

Nicholas Euboicus, bishop of Saguritum, highly renowned for his knowledge of the Greek and Latin tongue, was present at the assembly of a great number of highly learned and distinguished men at the Council of Florence; and there he speedily, accurately, and elegantly interpreted and translated all that was spoken in Latin and Greek.

Ambrose of Florence, a general of the Camaldulian Order, renowned as a teacher of the Holy Scriptures, versed in the Latin and Greek tongues, and endowed with every good virtue, was also of renown in the same council. Among the proofs of his ingenuity are his translations from the Greek into the Latin tongue, of the writings of Diogenes Laertius, the Greek scholar, treating of the lives and conduct of the natural philosophers.

John Tortellius Aretinus, the pope’s subdeacon and chamberlain, no less learned in the Greek and Latin tongues and in the Holy Scriptures, flourished at this time; and among other works of his learning and skill is an elegant book, wherein he set forth the correct method and manner in which Latin words are to be written and composed.

Antonius Cermisanus, a singular prince of medicine, lectured on medicine for a long time in the schools, and posterity was unlimited in his praise. He was of a happy and delightful disposition, pleasantly plump, and of good complexion, and in his old age he left beautiful boys. Out of his good understanding he gave posterity sundry advice beneficial against every ailment. He died at Padua in A.D. 1441.

Bartolomeo Montagnano, distinguished natural philosopher and physician, and versed in many things, excelled all other physicians of his time in the subtlety of his writings. This appears by the books which he wrote on the preservation of health. In addition thereto he also gave much good advice.

Hugo of Siena, a very renowned physician of this time, by grace of God (as it is said), and by virtue of his skill and medical experience, excelled all those of renown who had preceded him in Etruria; and he gave much valuable advice.