First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…

Filippo, duke of Milan, after taking the city of Genoa, maintained a large army; wherefore the Florentines made war upon him. This lasted for twenty-five years, until his death, although at intervals there was peace, interspersed with treachery and deceit.

France had flourished, but at this time was in a state of gloom and depression; for it was overrun and devastated beyond all measure by Henry, the English king, who, although he himself brought on the war, also sustained no small measure of loss, and had an unhappy end.

John, duke of Burgundy, also attacked the same kingdom; but he was slain soon thereafter, and this was the cause of many evils. The cardinal of St. Croix finally made peace, and the Burgundians accepted it; but the English would not consent. However, when Duke John after the peace, took the Holy Sacrament with the king of France, he was wickedly slain in the presence of the French king; and in consequence thereof that same kingdom suffered much evil.

Two lovers lived in Italy at this time: a knight named Eurialus, who was the personal attendant of Emperor Sigismund, and Lucretia, of the city of Siena. Both were handsome and well built, but Lucretia excelled in her marvelous beauty. As soon as they saw one another they were seized with a blind passion. Finally they attained their desires, which happened after Emperor Sigismund had been at Siena for some time. But when the emperor was about to proceed further, the two lovers had to part, and in consequence they were very sad. Lucretia, after shedding many tears, became ill, and died in her mother’s arms. When Eurialus learned of her death he became sad and de pressed; and he so remained until the emperor gave him for wife a chaste virgin of ducal lineage.


In these days Louis of Vienne, the Dauphin, eldest son of the king of France, passed over the threshold of the Roman empire with a large army and besieged the city of Mömpelgard , which the dukes of Württemberg held as a fee of the Roman empire. After the Dauphin had continued the siege for some time, he entered upon an understanding with those in the city to surrender the city to him for a specified time, upon the expiration of which he would voluntarily restore it to them. When they refused to do this he determined to take the city by force so that he might have it for his residence; for it is not seemly that the son of a king should be in the field without a shelter. When he had taken Montbeliard he disclosed and made known the purpose of his coming; but he did not give the same reason to everyone. Presently he said that he had come to assist the German nobility which was being oppressed by the counts. Then he said that the Roman emperor sent him against the Swiss. To some he represented that he had come to recover the land belonging to the house of France, and which extended to the Rhine. At other times he pretended to be there in behalf of Duke Sigismund, with the siege of Strassburg in view. He gave all these rumors currency, not because they were true, but hoping thereby to secure the good will and support of many people. At this time the Swiss were besieging a castle at Basle, and the Dauphin’s people, called the Armagnacs (Armagnaken or Armegecken), wished to proceed to the relief of the castle. When the Swiss observed this they went forth to meet the “Arme Gecken” (literally “Poor Fools”); and they beat them back. While retreating step by step they collected a larger army and fell upon the Swiss at St. Jacob’s Hospital, hardly four “Roszlauff” from Basle. Here occurred a gruesome and terrible battle in which many dead were left on both sides. It lasted from dawn to night; and finally the still undefeated Swiss, although victorious, were so fatigued that they left the field to the “Arms Gecken,” not by reason of the latter’s strength, but because of their numbers. Some say that the “Arme Gecken” suffered a greater loss than the Swiss. While these things were transpiring, the Roman emperor sent his emissaries, namely the Bishop of Augsburg, and Dr. John von Eich, and several knights, to the Dauphin to inquire why he had entered the empire with his army. In the meantime, the council being held there, two cardinals and many doctors, together with the burghers of Basle, were sent to the Dauphin requesting him not to interfere with the council, nor to damage the city. Thereupon the Dauphin sent his emissaries back with them to Basle. The legate of Pope Felix also came to the city; also the emissaries of the Duke of Savoy, and the entire Swiss confederation; and they transacted much business in the matter of a treaty. The emissaries of Nuremberg said that the Dauphin had proceeded against the Swiss at the request of the king. After the "Arme Gecken" had overrun Alsace, they returned home in A.D. 1444, though not without losses.