First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…

Albert, the aforesaid duke of Austria, ere and before he was elected Roman king, ordered slain all the Jews in his dominions, who refused to be converted to Christ the true and only God; and through fear many accepted baptism. Duke Frederick of Austria before he was elected Roman king, took one of these (baptized) Jews for his chamberlain, and became fond of him as a companion. But after a number of years the Jew became remorseful and decided to return to the faith of his ancestors. Although Frederick urged him to adhere to his present life he could not influence him to do so. Thereupon Frederick called upon the teachers of the Holy Scriptures at the university of Vienna to instruct the youth therein; but neither pleading, compensation, promises nor threats influenced the Jew to abstain from his resolution. Nothing else availing, Frederick caused him to be brought in court; and when the Jew, without being bound (for such was his desire) was led to his death, and saw the burning fire, he began to sing a Hebrew hymn, and fearlessly sprang into the midst of the flame.

Once upon a time King Albert, rather of Ladislaus, was seated at a sermon preached by a Dominican monk at Vienna. And when the king fell asleep, the preacher cried out in a loud voice, I ask all you who are standing here whether the princes also are to be remembered. And when the preacher had cast doubt upon the question, the king awoke, and being cognizant of what had been said, he remarked, When the princes die, after having been baptized in the cradle, there can he no doubt of their salvation.

Peter Paul Vergerius, natural philosopher, orator and jurist, highly versed in the Latin and Greek tongues, a disciple of Chrysoloras of Constantinople, and a privy counsellor of the house of Carrara, was at this time held in great esteem for his skill and cleverness; and he executed many commendable writings.

Mapheus Vegius, an orator and poet not to be ignored, and a member of the court of Pope Martin, at this time while at Rome, wrote various poems known to the learned.

Franciscus Barbarus of Vienna, also a disciple of Chrysoloras in Greek letters, and a man of extraordinary ingenuity and wisdom, was held in high esteem at this time for his literary ability, eloquence and worldly prudence. He wrote a fine book on matters concerning the housewife; also many elegant letters and epistles.

Leonardus Justinianus, likewise a very learned and renowned man, lived at this time.

Carolus Aretinus, a poet in the Greek and Latin tongues and a versatile, eloquent and distinguished writer, was at this time, in view of his fitness and virtuous life, taken into the chancery of Florence, and awarded compensation and privileges.

Gaetano of Vicenza, a canon of Padua, distinguished teacher of the Holy Scriptures and natural philosopher, at this time held first rank as a lecturer and debater in the University of Padua. He wrote with distinction and excellence upon several books of Aristotle, and also compiled other works.

The Council of Florence was held by Pope Eugenius in A.D. 1439 in opposition to the Council of Basic. For after the death of Emperor Sigismund, who had furthered the Council of Basle, and the accession of Duke Albert of Austria as Roman emperor, the cardinal of St. Croix opened the Council of Ferrara at the behest of Pope Eugenius. Eugenius went there, for he understood that the Greek emperor would be present; and he was received in no other manner than it was customary to receive Roman emperors. But Death came to Ferrara, and the council was transferred to Florence. And there, after divers and sufficient hearings of the Greeks and Latins, pro and con, it was acknowledged upon rational grounds that the Holy Ghost proceeds from the Father and Son; that the body of Christ may be blessed in the form of unleavened bread; and that there is a purgatory. They also assented that the Roman bishop is the vicar of Christ and the true successor of St. Peter, who first held the office on earth, and to whom the Eastern and Western Churches are duly obedient. And although the Greeks left the council in contentment and returned home, ere long the Greek nation reverted to their old customs and usages.