First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…

Year of the World 6630

Year of Christ 1331

Eugenius IV, a Venetian of a common but old family, previously called Gabriel, was elected pope on March 7th of this year. He was the nephew of Pope Gregory XII, and a canon of the Celestine Order of St. George in Aliga, of the Venetian Congregation, who took him along to Rome and made him a treasurer, next a bishop of Sienna, and then a cardinal. Finally he became pope; but he did not overestimate himself on that account, and left his former mode of life unchanged in all respects. However, in the inception of his pontificate, misled by evil counsel, he caused such distress in all matters profane and divine that the Roman people took to arms. He confirmed the proceedings of the Council of Basle, from which endless evils arose. Later, however, taking matters into his own hands, he acted wisely and firmly. He was man of remarkable countenance, worthy, more daring than talkative, not very learned, but of considerable experience, kind to the people, and particularly toward the learned whom he loved to have about him. He was not easily moved to anger, and furthered the interests of the universities, particularly those at Rome. He loved the clergy beyond moderation, favoring them with estates and privileges. His devotion to war made one wonder that he was a pope. He moved the Dauphin, son of King Charles of France, to proceed to Basis with a large army, by which the council was dispersed. He kept his promises, provided a good table for his servants, but was frugal in his own requirements. He abstained from the use of wine entirely. He had but few servants, and employed very learned men of whose counsel he availed himself in difficult matters, Eugenius crowned Sigismund as emperor, and after the latter’s death and the election of Duke Albert of Austria as Roman king, he called the council of Ferrara; and with him was present the Greek emperor. The council was transferred to Florence. Thereafter Eugenius embellished the Church of God with houses of worship and other structures. This pontiff died at the age of sixty-four years, in the 16th year of his pontificate. He enrolled Nicholaus of Tolentina in the number of the holy confessors. He was buried at St. Peter’s church in Rome, in a marble sepulchre with a beautiful epitaph, which sets forth the occurrences and history of his pontificate.

Felix V was elected pope on November 18, 1438, after Pope Eugenius, who was elected during the Schism, had been deposed by Duke Philip at the Council of Basle; and he sat nine years. Soon after his election turmoil and dissension arose in the Church of God, Christendom falling into three parts: Some adhered to Eugenius, some to Felix, while others recognized neither. Felix was the first duke of Savoy, the duchy having first been a county. Upon his father’s death he governed the country for forty years, bringing peace to the land. Thereafter he left the vanity and pomp of the world, and with six elderly men entered upon a spiritual and contemplative life. After this he was elected pope by the Council of Basle. He caused his beard to be removed, and left his duchy to his first born son, and learned church customs and manners. With a large retinue he proceeded to Basle, where, between his two sons, he was crowned Roman pope. After Eugenius died, Felix, as a lover of peace and humility, of his own accord abdicated the papacy in favor of Martin. He relinquished his papal name, but retained the office of cardinal.

The schism between Eugenius and Felix endured not without aggravation to the Christian status, until the time of Pope Nicholas V, resulting in various disputes and quarrels as to whether the pope was supreme over the council, or the council over the pope.

An eclipse op the sun occurred at this time, and was followed by a number of wars and rebellions. A comet also appeared, followed by a great battle and slaughter at Liege.