First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…

John Hus (Huss), born in the village bearing his surname, which means goose, was a sharp-witted and eloquent man who took pleasure in warped speeches and in searching out strange matters. Said John adopted the erroneous teachings of Wycliffe; and the eloquent Jerome was his disciple. At the Council of Constance, Emperor Sigismund invoked measures for the suppression of heresy in Bohemia. John Huss and Jerome, as the most learned men in Bohemia, and as princes of said heresy, were summoned to the council. They came there determined to teach others, but not to be taught. They were heard in an assembly of the fathers, and many doctors and teachers of the divine and profane scriptures admonished them for their errors as contrary to the laws of God and good morals. They were exhorted no longer to regard themselves as wiser than the Church; to desist from their errors and not to besmirch their ingenuity and mentality with the Wycliffite folly; to devote themselves to teaching and refrain from perverting the people; and thus attain to higher dignity before God and his militant church. But these obdurate Bohemians stood by their resolution, insisting that they were followers of the holy evangelists and disciples of Christ; that the Roman church had departed far from the teachings and precepts of the apostles, seeking riches, pleasure and power, maintaining dogs and horses, and licentiously consuming the property of the church which belonged to the poor of Christ. When the foremost of the council noted the obduracy and persistency of these lost men, and observed that the foul members were not to be healed, it was adjudged that as scorners of the teachings of Christ they be burned so that the rest of the body might not be poisoned. Thereupon Huss (and Jerome 340 days later) were burned; for they would not return to the church. Their ashes, in order that the Bohemians might not take them away, were thrown into the sea. But their disciples brought to Bohemia some of the earth from the place where they were burned; and this earth the heretics regarded as a sacred relic. The said John and Jerome are venerated as saintly martyrs by the Bohemians, and regarded as no less than are Peter and Paul among the Romans; and for them a feast day is observed annually.

John Rockzan, of the village of Rochezana, is so called because he was a native of that place. He was born of mean and not very wealthy parents. He came to Prague, and there by begging he learned the first two liberal arts. Thereafter he became the preceptor of a noble. When he had become virtuously minded, and of good speech, he was taken into the college of the poor; and he heard the heretic Jacobellus. Later he was consecrated as a priest. He accompanied the Bohemian delegation which with three hundred horse, appeared at the council of Constance pursuant to summons. But when Emperor Sigismund sat in judgment in the marketplace, Rockzan, with four priests, in view of the presence of the entire clergy, offered to render obedience to the Roman church. Thereupon he was absolved of the curse by the legates of the council, released from excommunication, and taken into the church. Nevertheless he adhered to his faithlessness; for while holding mass he gave a layman the sacrament out of the chalice, although a legate of the council had told him that this was improper. He persisted in this error through his old age, and he died therein.

Leonardo Aretino, a very distinguished philosopher, orator, and valued historian, flourished at this time. He filled the office of secretary to popes Innocent VII, Gregory XII, Alexander, and John XXIII, up to the time of the council of Constance, with great fidelity and faith. Thereafter he became a chancellor at Florence. Because of the ingenuity and excellence of his poetry he is to be considered of first rank among men of renown. Although burdened with many matters and affairs, yet, being a man highly learned in the Greek and Latin tongues, he not only translated many writings from Greek into Latin, but also, as a product of his great ingenuity and enlightened understanding, composed and left behind many manuscripts and good and praiseworthy poems, demonstrating the virtue and strength of his ingenuity and his high understanding. He died in A.D. 1443 at the age of seventy-four years.