First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…

where excellent speakers develop, they are made advocates and assistants in civic and important matters, and are held in great esteem. The city is divided into two classes of people—those of noble knighthood, and the commons. The latter are merchants and craftsmen. The nobles live on their ancestral estates, and confine themselves to their own class. Where one of the commons, through wealth and good living, aspires to the noble class, the nobility will not tolerate him. And so for a long time each class remained within its own limits. However, the community is governed by both classes in common. Seven miles from Constance and 20,000 paces from the mountains lies a rich and beautiful city, named Feldkirchen. It has beautiful and well developed buildings, vineyards, and orchards. The Rhine has its source in the mountains not far from this region, and lies to the left as one leaves Italy; but it soon flows to the right. By its own power and through its tributaries it becomes large and strong. Between the east and north it takes a straight course. The water ranges in color from green to black-elder, and has a quick rapid course, and a sandy bottom so firm that foot prints are not noticeable thereon.

It is said that at the time of the council at Constance a great multitude of people from all Christian nations assembled here, and particularly the foremost of Italy, France, Germany, Spain and England, who transacted the business of the council. There were present Pope John XXIII and Emperor Sigismund; five bishop-cardinals, sixteen priest-cardinals, seven deacon-cardinals, seven patriarchs, thirty-four archbishops, one hundred and four bishops, sixty distinguished abbots, the generals of the four orders, twenty-four dukes, one hundred forty counts, and the emissaries of the cities of Italy and Upper and Lower Germany, in remarkable numbers.