First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…

When Pope Martin observed that the Bohemian heresy was growing, not only in numbers, but also in military strength from day to day, he sent word to the Vitoniensian cardinal of England, born of royal lineage in Germany, to assemble an army against the Bohemian contagion. With the assistance and support of Emperor Sigismund three armies were raised. The duke of Saxony and the maritime cities furnished the first army; the margrave of Brandenburg, with the Franks, the second; and Ort, archbishop of Trier, and the Rhenish lords and the Bavarians, together with the imperial Swabian cities, the third. They proceeded through the Bohemian Forest from three directions, met, and formed a wagon fort. But the Bohemians soon rose up in opposition, and marched against them. When it became known to our people that the Bohemians were coming on by force of arms, they fled before they had obtained sight of the enemy. The cardinal met the fugitives and vainly exhorted them to return from their flight. Every man fled, and the Bohemians captured the military equipment of our people. Thereafter they overran Meissen; and when they turned toward the margraviate and Nuremberg, they were pacified with money and returned homeward, rich in booty. When the news reached Emperor Sigismund, he proceeded to Nuremberg and collected another army against the Bohemians. For the same purpose Pope Martin sent a cardinal, as legate to Germany, to arrange for another war against the Bohemians. And the cardinal came to Emperor Sigismund at Nuremberg, where a large assembly of the princes was held, and a new expedition against the Bohemians was decided upon. Assistance was furnished by John and Albert, the margraves of Brandenburg, and their father; also by the bishops of Würtzburg, Bamberg, and Eichstädt, and by the imperial cities, as well as the archbishops of Trier and Cologne. It is said that with those foremost men of the land there was an expeditionary force of 40,000. And so they proceeded into Bohemia, devastating many heretical cities and villages. In the meantime through treachery (as many believe) or through fear, there arose among our forces such turmoil that they took to flight even before they had seen the enemy. When Duke Albert of Austria observed that the papal legate had proceeded into Bohemia with an army, he also proceeded against the heretics with an armed force; however, having learned of the retreat, he swept through Moravia, which had formerly been disobedient to him, and he burned about 500 villages, conquering the region by force of arms. He slew many people, and frightened the Moravians into surrender, on condition, however, that Albert allow them to retain the faith according to a council at Basle. Thereafter the papal legate left Bohemia and proceeded to Basle, where he held the council.

A New Order of Regulated Canons had its inception in the monastery of Frisonaria in the Lucensian fields in Etruria. It was endowed with many privileges by Pope Eugenius, and reckoned among the Regulated Canons of St. Augustine. The brothers of this order were given a black mantle and a black biretta by the first founder. They discarded the white scapular and donned a linen shirt. In this order were many men renowned for their scriptural wisdom, eloquence and piety.

The Congregation of Saint Justine, a Benedictine Order, also had its origin or was revived at this time by Louis Barbus, a Venetian councillor, in the Trevisian region, near the city of Padua. It was confirmed by Pope Eugenius IV and endowed with great privileges. In it were reared many distinguished and highly learned men.

The Order of Jeronimites which had almost died out and been forgotten was reestablished by the worthy Lupo Hispalensis, general of the order, with new regulations and statutes taken from the sayings of St. Jerome. It was confirmed by the papal see under the Rule of St. Benedict, except that its members wore a gray habit and performed their offices according to the customs of the Roman see.