First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…

Padua, the great and mighty illustrious city, came under Venetian dominion through siege, A.D. 1406. Francesco da Carrara, the younger, son of Francesco the older, overran Vicenza with an army. The Venetians sent their emissaries to him requesting that he do not distress the Vicenzans with war, as he would thereby offend the Venetians. He refused the request, and the disappointed Venetians entered into an alliance with Francesco Gonzaga, and appointed him their common captain against Francesco da Carrara. Through the aid of the duchess of Milan, he took the city of Verona, captured Jacopo da Carrara, and sent him to Venice in bonds. He next appeared before Padua. After the city had suffered for several months through siege, from starvation, and sustained serious damage by reason of repeated assaults, the Gate of the Holy Cross was opened by the citizens to Galeazzo Gonzaga, brother of the said Francesco Gonzaga, without the knowledge of Francesco da Carrara, and Galeazzo Gonzaga and his army were admitted to the city. Thereupon Carrara with his third son Francesco proceeded to Venice in humble raiment to plead for pardon and mercy. But pardon was not granted; father and son were imprisoned. Later the father was strangled, while the son disappeared, who knows how? Thus the city of Padua fell into the hands of the Venetians. And so also in consequence of their dissensions the mighty and illustrious houses of Scala and Carrara lost their power, and their ancestral lineage ended.

The Order of the White Monks of Monte Oliveto was originated during the time of the schism in the vicinity of Siena by a number of noble Sienese citizens. For many excellent and renowned citizens there, distressed to dissensions and wars, and being of the same mind, under the guidance of the Holy Ghost left the city and went to Mount Olivet. There they began to throw off their worldly cares, and as devout hermits they served the Lord by prayer, watching, and constant fasting. By their example many nobles and youths, seeking a celestial homeland, were moved to join the congregation. Incredible zeal in the service of God resulted in such an increase in membership that the fame of the congregation came to the cognizance of the pope. After he had summoned the foremost of the order, and informed himself as to their mode of life, he was so pleased that he confirmed the order and granted it many privileges.

A new Mendicant Order under the name of St. Jerome came to life in the city of Fiesole, in Etruria, in the time of Pope Innocent VII, springing out of the Third Order of Franciscans, through a certain count, named Redo. His associate in this pious enterprise was one Gualterus Marsis. These two holy men were the founders and augmenters of this order, and they prospered it wonderfully by pious regulations and example. Because of its distinguished membership, the order was confirmed and privileged under the Rule of St. Augustine by Gregory XII. Later Pope Eugene IV did likewise, adding further privileges. The members of the order were assigned a gray habit in remembrance of the aforesaid Third Order.

A second Regulated Order of St. George of Alga, near Venice, was begun at this time by the highly spiritual man, Lorenzo Justiniano (later a patriarch), and others. The order observed strict regulation and was looked upon with incredible favor. This congregation was confirmed by the aforesaid Gregory, with certain regulations, the most important among those of the Rule of St. Peter. The order soon grew in distinguished and learned men, among them, Antonius Corarius, Pope Gregory's uncle, afterwards a cardinal; and Gabriel, afterward Pope Eugenius IV, who from the beginning enlarged and beautified the cloister with his paternal inheritance. Among the members of this congregation are also others, commendable for their lives and morals, who have illuminated the order by their teachings and good example, according to their means.