First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…

Tamerlane, the great king of the Tartars or Parthians, died in this year A.D. 1402. He was a Parthian, born of mean parents, and at first was a corporal. He so distinguished himself among his own people by his physical endowments and ability that he soon became a captain and a ruler of many peoples. And thus he secured dominion over the Parthians, and later over the Scythians, Iberians, Albanians, Persians and Medes. Mesopotamia and Armenia followed. He crossed the Euphrates with 40,000 horse and 600,000 foot, and ravaged entire Asia Minor. In Armenia he gave battle to Bajazet, the most mighty Turkish king, slaying 200,000 of his men, taking Bajazet prisoner, and carrying him through entire Asia in a cage like a curious animal. His camp was formed like a city, and every trade and industry had its place and function. There one found sufficiency of all things serviceable to human needs. There neither robbery nor murder found room. Thereafter he proceeded from the river Tanais (Don) as far as Egypt, passing through entire Asia, through Smyrna, Antiochia, Sebaste, Tripoli, Damascus, and many large, strong, and fortified cities, by force of arms, devastating and burning them. He also defeated the Egyptian sultan in battle. Having determined to attack Capua, then inhabited by the Genoese, he first sent there several merchants with costly raw materials, with orders to sell the wares below the customary price; for he knew that the gold could be hidden, but the raw materials could not. Thereafter he captured the city and took back the purchased wares; and so he got both money and wares. When Tamerlane besieged a city, he caused a white tent to be set up on the first day, on the second day a red tent, and on the third day a black one, indicating that those who surrendered on the first day would be spared; but the red tent meant death; and the black one, destruction of the city. It is said that at one time the people in a city which he was besieging for the second day, sent to Tamerlane all their children and maidens, clad in white and carrying olive branches, in order to appease the wrath of this prince by their innocence; but he caused all these children and maidens to be ground down by his cavalry and the city to be destroyed. When one of his trusted men asked him why he was so cruel, he looked at him in anger, with fixed countenance and blazing eyes, and answered, If you think I am a human being, you are mistaken. I am the wrath of God, and a devastater of the earth. Have a care that henceforth you do not meet me. Those who saw Tamerlane say that he was like Hannibal.

Paul of Venice, of the Augustinian Order, a natural philosopher, and a prince among teachers of the Holy Scriptures as well as a keen disputant, was at this time in great renown throughout Italy for the manifold scope of his scriptural ability.

Bartholomeo of Urbino, of the same order, a very diligent doctor, and bishop of Urbino, was also renowned at this time. Among other writings he compiled the sayings of Saint Augustine and Saint Ambrosius in alphabetical order; and he called the book Milleloquium.

Jordanus, a German, a teacher well grounded in the Holy Scriptures, was at this time held in great esteem because of his literary knowledge and research among the ancients.

Jacobus, also of the Augustinian order, a native of Toledo, and a teacher of the Holy Scriptures, flourished at this time. He interpreted the Holy Scriptures, and among others, compiled a book entitled Sophologium.

Verona, the highly renowned old city of Italy, which had been oppressed by the Carrarese, was in A.D. 1405, after surrender by Gian Maria, duke of Milan, brought under Venetian dominion by Francesco Gonzaga, Jacopo Ferme and Paul Savella. And up to the present it has remained in their dominion and has greatly prospered.

Pisa, the mighty and well built city of Etruria, and antagonistic to the Florentines, was subdued in this year by war and siege; and thus it came into the hands and might of the Florentines. For after the Pisans had driven the Florentines out of the city and regained their liberty, they were heavily beleagured and all egress shut off. After suffering starvation they were surrendered by John Gambacurto, and were again subjected to the yoke of the Florentines.