First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…

Year of the World 6603

Year of Christ 1404

Innocent VII, formerly called Cosinatus, a cardinal, elected pope at Rome after Boniface, was an old man, versed in many and great things. In some matters he followed in the footsteps of his predecessors, Urban and Boniface. He ruled in a turbulent manner; and the Romans, who came to him and requested him to discontinue the schism within the church, he sent to his uncle Ludovico, as to a strangler; and Ludovico threw eleven of them out of the window to their death. Under these circumstances the Roman people appealed to King Ladislaus for assistance against the pope, and took to arms. But the Pope and his uncle Ludovico promptly fled to Viterbo; and there the Romans entered the papal palace and the courts of the cardinals, and slew their attendants. But after the Romans had quarreled among themselves, they took the pope back into their good graces. Then he arrived at Rome, he created a number of cardinals, and appointed said Ludovico a margrave of Picenum. Not long thereafter he died at Rome in the second year of his pontificate.

Year of the World 6605

Year of the World 1406

Gregory XII, a Venetian, formerly called Angelo Coriaro, a cardinal, and created pope in A.D. 1406, was an honorable bishop of great earnestness and extraordinary piety. Gregory obligated himself to abdicate in the event that Benedict, who held forth as a pope in France, would do likewise. And although, in the beginning, each exhorted the other to do so, and they had named a place of meeting for the purpose, yet neither carried out his promise; wherefore each was held to be a traitor by his own cardinals, and caused a greater schism and feud than before among the Christians. Thereafter a council was held in Pisa, in which both were declared deceivers and deposed from the pontificate; and Alexander was elected. While Gregory was absent from Rome, the city seethed with arms; and Gregory fled from the council to Ariminum (Rimini), while Benedict after the holding of a council at Perpiano (Perpignan) fled to the castle of Panischole. Although both had been deposed at the council of Pisa, yet, pretending to be true popes, they created several cardinals, particularly Gregory, who at Lucca, while his cardinals were still with him, made Gabriel Candelinarium a cardinal, who later became pope as Eugene IV.

Year of the World 6608

Year of Christ 1409

Alexander V, of Candia, formerly called Peter Candianus, of the Franciscan (or Barefoot) Order, a doctor, and archbishop of Milan, a man highly renowned for his learning and teaching in scriptural wisdom, was, in this year, after the deposition of Gregory and Benedict, elected pope with the assent of all the cardinals present at the council of Pisa. In his youth he entered the Franciscan Order, and at Paris became so versed in the liberal arts that in a short time he conducted a public school, and wrote upon the books of the higher criticism. He was a great orator and preacher; wherefore the Duke of Milan appointed him his prime minister and bishop of Vicenza. He was later made archbishop of Milan. Pope Innocent VII created him a cardinal, and finally he was elected pope. He was so generous that he finally had nothing left. Wherefore he said, I was once a wealthy bishop, then a poor cardinal, and now I am a mendicant pope. He was so brave that he deposed King Ladislaus, who had distressed the churches. At the conclusion of the council he proceeded to Bologna, where, having become seriously ill, he called the cardinals to him to exhort them to righteousness, and, like the Lord Christ, he said, I give you my peace, my peace I leave with you. And he died shortly, in the eighth month of his pontificate. He was buried in the Franciscan monastery at Bologna, with great honor and well merited solemnity.