First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…

Gian Galeazzo (here called John Galeacius) son of Galeazzo Maria (Visconti), and first duke of Milan, captured the lordship of Milan three years after his Luther’s death and the division of the sovereignty between himself and his uncle Bernabo; and he reigned ten years. Meanwhile he defeated and subjugated the lords of Scala, Verona, and Vicenza. Before long he seized Francesco, lord of Padua, as well as the city itself. Likewise Bologna, Siena and Perugia submitted to him. He was a highly renowned prince, erect in person, of handsome countenance, learned in letters, well spoken, cunning, ingenius, and prudent and wise in his affairs and dealings. He was married twice. One of his wives, named Elizabeth, was a daughter of the king of Bohemia; and by her he had a daughter, Valentina, whom he espoused to Charles, king of France. His second wife Caterina, was his brother’s daughter, and by her there was born to him Giovanni Maria and Filippo Maria (Visconti), the dukes. This Gian Galeazzo was great and mighty, and in the year A.D. 1395, in the month of September, through his ambassador, the archbishop of Milan, he secured the title of duke on payment of 100,000 florins, and this title he enjoyed for the remaining seven years of his life. He was so ambitious that he aspired to the Roman imperial sovereignty, and if death had not intervened, he might have secured it.

An eclipse of the sun, lasting for two hours, is said to have occurred at this time.

Ladislaus, son of King Charles, upon the death of his father (who was poisoned in Hungary by the Queen), inherited the kingdom of Apuleia, which his father had conquered; and he reigned 29 years. When he became of age he took pos session of the kingdom of Hungary, and later he conquered the kingdom of Apuleia. Ladislaus was a prudent and magnanimous man, and by reason of his power, might and good fortune, he was held in awe by all. The Roman pope regarded him with suspicion, and the relations of his kingdom with succeeding popes were the subject of varying fortunes. But when this king undertook to subjugate the Florentines, he was poisoned at their instigation.

Sigismund, who later became Roman emperor, was hailed to the Hungarian throne after the expulsion of King Ladislaus. He reigned there for twenty-five years and then received the Roman imperial sovereignty. He was a warrior and earnest defender and protector of Christendom.

The Beghards, and those who flagellated themselves with knotted scourges, introduced serious heresies into Germany and other places; of which mention has already been made. So also, in this year, A.D. 1389, there occurred throughout Italy a marvelous movement of people within the mountains of Gaul, who wore white linen robes extending to their feet, with a cap resembling the cowl of a monk. Among them were noble men and women, as well as princes, bishops, priests, and monks of various orders, all of whom dressed in the same manner. These people, two abreast, formed processions to the adjacent cities, shouting and crying for peace and mercy; and this lasted for three months. Among them were 3,000 persons from the city of Lucca. The originator of this movement was a priest, so daring in word and countenance that all regarded him as holy. But Pope Boniface caused him to be seized at Viterbo, to be brought before him, and to be burnt.

A Jubilee year was held at Rome in the year 1400 at the command of Pope Boniface; and in consequence a countless number of people came to Rome. It is said that in the same year, because of the great number of people, and particularly of the aforesaid white spirits, who visited Rome, so great a plague raged that at Florence alone 30,000 people succumbed to it. Likewise in the fourth year of the reign of Ladislaus such a great mortality occurred in Bohemia that in St. Stephen’s parish at Prague 3040 deaths occurred. Under such conditions the people of Prague rose up and fell upon the Jews, seized their possessions, burned their houses, and slew several thousand Jews; but the young children were kept for baptism.