First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…

Breslau in Silesia, a noble city of renown among the Germans and the Poles, lies on the river Odor. This river waters the German province of Silesia and flows to the north. It is inhabited by Germans on both banks, although the Polish tongue is spoken chiefly on the farther side. Due to the concourse of people there, the city prospered remarkably from the beginning, and was improved by various and public buildings, as well as many beautiful churches. Of the latter the episcopal cathedral, dedicated to St. John, is the most attractive. The ancients called this the golden bishopric, but the Hussite wars have reduced it to one of earth and clay. However, John Roth, the bishop there at this time, a doctor of jurisprudence and highly informed in all manner of Scriptural learning and wisdom, advanced this bishopric in honor and size. The city possesses illustrious cloisters: The Order of St. Augustine at Saint Dorothea; the Franciscan (Barefoot) Order at St. James (St. Jacob) and Saint Bernardin, although under different rules; the Dominican (Preaching) Order at St. Albrecht; the Regulated Canons at Our Blessed Virgin Mary; and the Premonstratenses at St. Vincent outside the city. There also is a semi—foundation at Holy Cross. But among the foremost are the two parish churches of St. Elizabeth and St. Mary Magdalen. There are also a number of small churches St. Barbara, St. Christopher, St. Lazarus, and many others. Breslau has been governed by various princes. When the city of Eger was retaken by John, father of Emperor Charles IV, Breslau (which Duke Henry of Silesia held), Lignitz, and many other cities in Silesia were also subjugated by him in the war. In the time of King Wenceslaus the members of the council of this city were thrown out of the windows of the courthouse down into the market by the members of the community, and killed; but a few years later the originators and inciters of this affair were quartered at the command of Emperor Sigismund. When the news reached those of Prague (who had likewise misused their councillors), they became frightened, and despairing of mercy and pardon at the hands of Emperor Sigismund, they suffered the same penalty which had been inflicted on those of Breslau. At first Breslau was under Bohemian power and government. Later, after much strife and treachery on the part of the Bohemians, the city placed itself under the rule of Matthias, the king of Hungary. Upon his death it reverted to the kingdom of Bohemia, which is now ruled by Wladislaus, the most illustrious king of Hungary and Bohemia. This city is surrounded by wonderful walls, and where not bounded by the Oder, it is protected by a deep moat and with brick walls of such thickness that they cannot easily be breached by gunfire. Along the walls are many towers, bow-windows and defenses. Within the city are wide streets and cross-roads, lined with beautiful and decorative houses, side by side, and so situated that no building interferes with the other’s prospect. There is also a spacious market, and a courthouse with a high tower, upon which the watch play their horns at mealtimes.