First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…

Wenceslaus, son of the aforesaid Emperor Charles, with whom he reigned for eight years, reigned alone after the death of his father for twenty-two years. Although at the age of fifteen, he, together with his spouse, Joanna, had received the royal Roman crown at Aix-la-Chapelle, he was never consecrated as emperor by the pope. Later, in the sixth year, the queen died and Sophia, a duchess of Bavaria, was espoused to Wenceslaus. He was unlike his father in every respect, fleeing from care and labor, and seeking pleasure. He was more addicted to wine than devoted to the sovereignty, consuming all his days in idleness and carnal pleasures; wherefore he was taken by the lords and held in custody for seventeen weeks. He was released by Duke John of Lausitz, and Duke Procopius of Moravia (Mähren). He was imprisoned a second time by King Sigismund of Hungary, and placed in the keeping of Duke Albrecht of Austria. He was maintained in beautiful houses and apartments at Vienna, but through the negligence of his keeper he escaped and returned to Germany. However, as he would not amend his bad morals and manners, he was deposed by the electors of the empire with the consent of the pope, while Rupert, palegrave of the Rhine, was, contrary to his own wishes, elected in his stead. The Hussite heresy had its origin under Wenoeslaus. After sundry understandings with a nobleman, named Nicholas, the heretics violently attacked the royal palace, requesting the king to grant them more churches. The king asked Nicholas to return the next morning for his answer. Nicholas left, and more and more incited the people to revolt. Thereupon the king fled to the Wyssehrad, and from thence, with a few people, to the new castle which he had built. He sent a call for assistance to his brother Sigismund. The raving heretics ran into the courthouse and seized seven councillors, (for eleven had already fled) and the judge of the city, as well as a number of other citizens, and threw them out of the windows of the courthouse. The royal chamberlain also fled. When the king was apprised of these matters, and those present were seized with fear and sympathy, the cup-bearer of the king said, I knew beforehand that this would happen. Whereupon the king, in anger, seized him and trampled him under foot, and drawing his sword, would have dispatched him, had those standing about not prevented him. Soon thereafter Wenceslaus suffered a stroke. He died at the age of fifty-seven, after having reigned in Bohemia for fifteen years. At this time it was the Bohemian custom to anoint the body of the king with costly herbs for eight days, and to carry it through the churches of the city in mourning. But as the queen feared the heretics and did not dare to enter the New City, this custom was not observed in the case of Wenceslaus. His body was carried to St. Vitus’s church in the citadel, and the funeral held in the royal hall. When the cloister was later destroyed by the heretics, a workman secretly took away the body of Wenceslaus and kept it in his own house. When affairs took a better turn, and search was made for the corpse, the workman, on receipt of twenty guilders, gave it up.

Jobst, margrave of Moravia (Mahren) was, during the lifetime of Wenceslaus, elected king by the archbishops of Mainz and Cologne, while a number of others elected Sigismund. Jobst died in a short time without heirs, and was buried at Brunn, in Moravia, with a royal scepter. On one occasion, when Jobst came to Wenceslaus after his deposition, Wenceslaus took him to a remote place, and said, Although I know it is not because I was not entitled to the dignity, that the electors of the Roman empire deposed me, it is a delight to me that the dignity should pass to my uncle. And Jobst became frightened. Through fear he fell to his knees before the king, and bade him not to blame him. And King Wenceslaus said, Lay aside your fears, for I do not dislike to stand aside from the kingdom; but I regret to have injured the blood of my ancestors. But Jobst lived only six months thereafter, and he allowed Palsgrave Rupert to rule.