First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…

Year of the World 6577

Year of Christ 1378

Urban VI, a Neapolitan, archbishop of Bari, was elected pope in this year to succeed Pope Gregory. He was a crafty and revengeful man, who gave more consideration to Joanna, the queen, and the cardinals, than satisfaction to the Christians. He absolved the excommunicated Florentines in order to gain their obedience to his will. Being by nature a man of bad character, he created new cardinals at Nocera, and imprisoned a number of the old ones. Thereafter he went to Genoa, and later returned to Rome, where, in order to avoid secret animosity, he created 29 cardinals, in a single day, most of whom were Neapolitans, and only three were Romans. Finally he died in the 12th year of his ill-conducted and unfortunate pontificate. Not many people mourned him.

The Twenty-Second Schism, and the most violent and mischievous, originated at this time, and endured for 29 years. After the death of Gregory XI the Roman citizens in a kindly manner requested the cardinals to elect an Italian or a Roman pope; but the 13 French cardinals undertook to elect a pope of their own nationality. Among four Italians, one of the Orsini craved the pontificate. Now it so happened that a Neapolitan was elected pope, and (as above stated), he was called Urban. He remained pope for three months. Thereafter the French cardinals, for the ostensible purpose of escaping the summer heat, left Rome. Among them were eight, who said that the election of Urban to the pontificate was irregular; and they therefore elected another one, of Geneva, whom they called Clement VII. They sent forth letters to all the world that said Clement was the true vicar of Christ. Thereupon a great schism occurred in the church. The Germans, Italians and Hungarians adhered to Urban; the French, Spanish, Catalonians and English, to Clement.

Clement (VII), after suffering many vicissitudes, proceeded to Avignon, in France, and there he set up his papal court, and was honored by the French as the true pope. He sat 15 years.

Boniface IX, a Neapolitan, previously called Piero Tomacelli, was unanimously elected pope at Rome in A.D. 1389. Although but 30 years of age when he entered upon the pontificate, he so conducted himself in the flower of his youth, that no charge of wantonness was made against him. He was so intelligent and of such wise counsel that as one supreme in power, he caused the Roman people to turn to him; and they elected a Roman senate according to his wishes, and fortified the castle Angelo and the bridges. In the tenth year of his pontificate he returned from Assisi, where he had lived for many years, to Rome, and held a Jubilee Year. In the same year, with money and renown, he attained to such power that he made of his descendants, lords of the Christian jurisdiction. He ordained that no one should attempt to attain a priestly benefice until he had obligated himself to the papal treasury for a sum equal to the first year's income thereof; and in this he was unopposed except by the English holders of small benefices. This Urban (should be Boniface) enrolled Bridget in the number of the saints. Finally he died in the 15th year of his pontificate.

Benedict XIII was regularly declared pope at Avignon in A.D. 1394; which was after Clement, and during the Schism; and he sat 21 yearn, until the Council of Constance. He was previously called Pedro de Luna, and was a highly learned man.