First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…

Brigida or Brigitta (Saint Bridget), a devout Christian woman of German nationality, and a princess and noblewoman of Sweden, was born of illustrious, noble and devout parents. Her father, who through particular devotion to St. James had made a pilgrimage, went to confession every Friday in memory of the passion of Christ. While pregnant with Bridget, her mother became involved in a shipwreck, but was preserved for the sake of her fruit. For three years after her birth Bridget was unable to talk, but thereafter she was fully able to speak. On the death of her mother she was placed in charge of her mother’s sister. She grew up in devotion and every virtue. Her father espoused her to a noble and intelligent youth; and with him she lived for many years in honor, and in incredible abstemiousness, humility, gentleness and industry. When her husband died she divided all her possessions among her children and the poor, changing her dress and mode of life. She made no use of linen raiment except upon her head, but wore a dress of coarse hair to castigate her body. At the command of Christ she journeyed to Rome with a devout companion, and disclosed to Pope Urban her revelation that he should not go to Avignon. So also, she sent a letter to Pope Gregory urging him to return the papal see to Rome. From thence she made pilgrimage to Jerusalem, and then returned to Rome. Thereafter she was seriously ill for an entire year, and the Lord revealed to her the time of her death; and she died in blessedness. In the course of her life God granted her many revelations of things to come.

The Order of Saint Bridget had its origin with this same highly renowned woman; and it was also called the Order of our Saviour (St. Salvatore). And thus this holy woman, through the promptings of the Holy Ghost, originated and established a new clerical order with a dual cloister for men and women, an order which St. Basil is said to have founded in Greece. But thereafter, from time to time, the Church, in order to silence evil tongues, dissolved this cloister so that they should remain separate and apart. However, it is said that St. Bridget through the promptings of the Holy Ghost, revived and re-established the order, so that men and women lived side by side, although separated, making access from one to the other difficult, except in cases of necessity, as when the Sacrament was to be brought to the sick. However, they had in common a church in which the brothers performed their devotions below, and the sisters above. The former were in care of an abbess, but only the brethren performed the divine service. The brethren were subject to one of their own number, called prior, or confessor. She also ordained that such cloisters should possess property and receive revenues, and that all the brothers and sisters should receive food and clothing at the hands of the abbess. Item: They were not to leave the cloister without urgent and apparent reasons, and then only by the permission of the abbess. They were to be admitted to the order and consecrated only by a bishop. Their habit consisted of a coat with a gray mantle, thereon a red cross inscribed with a small white circle. They were to wear no linen next to their bodies, and ate meat three days a week except during Lent. They observed the rule of St. Augustine, supplemented by regulations, which (as she said) were revealed to St. Bridget by God, and which the holy fathers, the popes, confirmed with exceptional privileges. There were but few of these cloisters in Italy; they were more numerous in Sweden and Germany. The brethren of this order hear confessions, preach on holy days, and employ lay brethren for the transaction of their external and worldly affairs.

Giovanni Boccaccio, a Florentine, a highly celebrated poet, philosopher, and astronomer, died at this time at the age of forty-two years. After he became well versed in the Latin and Italian tongues, and attained to wonderful ingenuity, he wrote many elegant and ingenious things in the Latin tongue, as well as many lovely stories in the Italian, such as Centonouvella, and others.