First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…

Year of the World 6562

Year of Christ 1363

Urban V, previously called Wilhelmus Grisant, abbot of St. Victor's at Marseilles, was, while absent in Italy as a legate, unanimously elected pope at Avignon. He was a very virtuous man, and of strong character and upright life. He sent the Spanish cardinal Aegidius to Canis della Scala at Verona. To Verona Urban summoned the Italian lords and governors, and made an alliance with them against Bernabo Visconti of Milan, who was afterward defeated, driven to flight and peace restored to Italy. Thereafter, in the fourth year of his pontificate, Pope Urban came to Italy, determined to restore order in Italian affairs. But when Emperor Charles learned that Urban had gone to Rome, he also went there, as above stated. At that time (as heretofore stated) the heads of St. Peter and St. Paul were found. While Urban was at Rome, because of the Germans and other foreigners, he caused beautiful palaces to be built; and because of the depressing atmosphere at Rome in the summer, he also caused residences to be built in the Old City and on the Falisconian hill. He released from prison John Haucutgar, a distinguished soldier, and made him a captain over the men formerly under Aegidius. He then returned to France, and died at Marseilles in the ninth year of his pontificate.

Gregory XI, formerly called Belfort, a cardinal, was unanimously elected pope at Avignon. At the age of seventeen his uncle Pope Clement VI made him a cardinal, and in order to avoid criticism that he was more inclined to favor his own blood than the interests of the church, he sent his nephew for training and education to the most learned men, and above all, to Baldus of Paris. He was highly educated in all the arts of scriptural wisdom, and was of such innocent and unspotted life, and such a whole-souled and good man, that all loved him. As soon as he entered upon his pontificate he sent his legate to Italy to obtain information concerning the affairs of the church there, and to make peace with the Visconti of Milan; for everything was in a state of turmoil and chaos. Before this time Gregory had been in Italy for a long while, and now, while under the guidance of Baldus, the highly learned doctor of jurisprudence at Paris, he considered what benefits his entry into Italy and his presence at Rome might confer upon the church. On one occasion, when he admonished a bishop to return to his church at home, the bishop replied, Holy Father, why do you not return to your church at Rome? The pope gave way to the idea, and contrary to the wishes of his kinsmen, he hurried to Rome in A.D. 1376, in the seventh year of his pontificate, and after the papal court had been held In France for seventy years. And although the return of the papal court to Rome gave joy to the people there, it was obnoxious to the Florentines, who feared it. Many hoped that now the clergy would be elevated and tyranny suppressed. The city of Rome was in need of the return of the papal court, for the churches, the walls and towers, and particularly the buildings everywhere had fallen into a state of ruin; and civic morals had so departed that civic life was not felt there. But after the papal see was re-established there, the city increased from day to day in the number of its public and private buildings, as well as in the elegance of its civic status and government. And although the pope exhorted the Florentines to make peace, they were contrary; wherefore they were excommunicated. Nevertheless they compelled the priests to celebrate mass among them. Thereby they caused the pope to make war. However, in the course of those events the pope suffered unendurable pains of the bladder, and died in the ninth year of his pontificate.