First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…

Charles IV, a highly renowned emperor, together with his wife and sons, went to Pope Urban at Rome in A.D. 1368. He proceeded through Padua and Bologna and into Etruria. When he reached Pisa a number of cities submitted to him as part of the Roman Empire. He also secured various sums of money from the Florentines, who feared the opposition of certain of their subjects in Etruria and who would have proceeded against them if the Emperor had consented. While Charles was at Rome he requested Pope Urban to search for the heads of the holy apostles, Peter and Paul. Through divine sanction they were found and they were deposited in a visible place in the Church of St. John Lateran, ornamented with much silver and gold and precious stories. At one time Charles attended the University of Prague; and there he heard the masters of the liberal arts disputing for four hours. His attendants became impatient and reminded him that it was time for the evening meal. Whereupon Charles answered, It is time for you, but not for me; for this is my meal. At another time he ordered brought before him a man who wanted to take the emperor’s life; and Charles handed him a thousand gliders with which to endow his eligible daughter, saying that he felt sorry for the daughter who, although the eldest, was destined to remain at home. The man thanked the king, and returned to those who had engaged him to slay the king, and said, I did not know who Charles was, but now I do not wish to slay or otherwise do away with this kind and merciful prince. During Charles’ time serious dissension arose in the imperial city of Nuremberg because the members of the council and the heirs of Charles were attached to the emperor. This was contrary to the wishes of the community. The uproar was caused by one Geiszbart, a member of the guild of smiths; but the controversy silenced through the diligence of the emperor; the guild of the craftsmen was abolished, the city provided with better police protection, and the butchers who had adhered to the emperor and the council were perpetually privileged to celebrate carnivals at Shrovetide.

The Order of Jesuati (or Jesuates) had its origin at Siena in Etruria, under the hereinafter named Pope Urban. The members of this order wore lay dress according to the custom of the clergy, lived together in houses, with great affection and simple devotion, performed manual labor, and served God. When said pope summoned them before him he was greatly pleased with their mode of life, and he assigned to them a habit consisting of a white robe and a cowl; and he gave them as patron a brave and very holy man who was his kinsman, and who by virtue of the authority vested in him, prescribed for them a gray habit over the white coat; and they were to remain unshod. He also endowed them with many privileges, and they increased throughout Italy, and because of the good life of its members, they were held in high esteem.

The Order of the Regulated Canons, called the Scopetini, and which we call St. Salvatore, also originated at this time in the vicinity of Siena through certain fathers of the Augustinian Order. This congregation was later recognized by Pope Gregory XI, confirmed and chartered, and reckoned among the Regular Canons. These men, in memory of their original states, wore a white robe with a white scapular over a white linen shirt. They live off their revenues and rents, and do not preach, but they do hear confessions. Until now they have been held in great esteem and respect; for this order reared a large number of men highly renowned for their Scriptural wisdom and piety.

John, king of France, began to reign in A.D. 1350 on the death of his father Philip; and he reigned twenty-five years. He carried on the war begun by his father with Edward, the king of England. However, in the sixth year of his reign he was defeated by King Edward at Poitiers, and he and his son Philip were taken prisoners; and Gaulterus, the duke of Athens, and 20,000 Frenchmen were slain. Three years later King Edward freed John and all the prisoners on condition that he never again undertake a war against Edward; but John soon violated his pledge, causing Edward to take up arms anew. And Edward invaded France with a large and mighty army, inflicted a great defeat, and ravaged the country for a long time.