First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…

Thereupon Gilbertus, the archbishop of Trier, was sent to Prague with Wratislaus, to annoint him before the people as king and to crown him. With the consent of Pope Alexander III, Wratislaus set up in the castle at Prague an assembly of regular canons, wherein not only the provost, but also the dean and the priest, gospeller and epistolary, since they hold divine offices, enjoy episcopal honors; while the provost, called a chancellor of the kingdom, also enjoys princely honors. Some say that Bohemia was elevated from a duchy to a kingdom by Emperor Frederick I. Thereafter Count Ulrich of Kärnten, who had no male heirs, received money of Ottocar, the king of Bohemia, and in consideration thereof ceded to him Carinthia (Kärnten), Carniola (Krain or Crain), the march of Lusatia (Lausitz or Wendisches Marck), and Portunau (?Portu naonis?). Finally, in the time of Charles IV the kingdom of Bohemia attained to great power, glory and increase, until no kingdom in all Europe equaled it in the number, wealth, and elegance of its churches and godly houses, with their large, tall, costly, light and glorious buildings, and in rich silver and golden ornaments, jewels, precious stones, costumes and decorations; and this, not only in the cities, but also in the villages. Among others there was a costly cloister in Prague, situated on the Moldau, where the Bohemian kings were buried. In addition to its costly and memorable buildings, this cloister had a large elegant four-cornered cross-walk, wherein the Old and New Testaments, from the creation to the Revelation of St. John, were inscribed on tablets in such beautiful large letters that anyone could easily read them from top to bottom. This land of Bohemia was a flower of fragrance, which, under the princes, gave off a sweet savor. But now it is possessed by an overpowering stench. God grant that it may soon recover its sweet savor. The history of Bohemia and of its kings was elegantly written by Pope Pius II.

The miserable wretched Jews, in A.D. 1337, at Deckendorf, on the Danube, in Bavaria, in scorn and ignominy of the divine majesty and high veneration paid to our Lord Jesus Christ and to the holy Christian religion, stabbed the Holy Sacrament many times. They then threw it into a hot oven, and as it remained unconsumed, they finally placed it on an anvil and struck it with hammers. When this became known, the Jews were seized by Hartmann von Degenberg, the caretaker, and the citizens; and when the truth was established, they were deservedly condemned to death. And this same Host, being present at the Holy Sepulchre, is venerated for its many miracles.

Item: Thereafter, in the year A.D. 1348, all the Jews in Germany were burned, having been accused of poisoning the wells, as many of them confessed.

At this time locusts and vermin passed through the sky from east to west like a thick cloud, devastating all vegetation and fruits; and after they were dispersed the stench caused a horrible pestilence.

A pitiful and lamentable pestilence began in the year 1348 and endured for three years throughout the world. It resulted from the aforesaid locusts or vermin. It started in India and spread as far as England, ravaging Italy and France, and finally Germany and Hungary. The mortality was so rapid and great that barely ten persons out of every thousand survived. In some regions only about one third of the population escaped. Many cities, towns, marts and villages died out entirely and remained void. Some said that the Jews increased this calamity by poisoning the wells.

Gerhardus of Siena, of the Augustinian Order, an illustrious interpreter of the Holy Scriptures, an ingenious man, and a follower of St. Aegidius of Rome, died in old age at this time. He was highly educated, and wrote and left many useful and commendable manuscripts. Saint Bernardinus, his countryman, availed himself of writings; and he was also praised by Joannes Andreae.

Gerhardus, of the same Order, and teacher of the Holy Scriptures, bishop of Savoy, was held in esteem at this time. He was more devoted to promoting the welfare of his people than to ruling over them. He was also highly learned in the canon law, upon which he wrote a number of interpretations.

Thomas of Florence, a physician, and son of the deceased Dino, the physician, was of no less renown for his intelligence than his father before him.

Bartholus de Saxo Ferrato, a prince of jurists in time past, and an extraordinary interpreter of the law, and a disciple and hearer of Cinus and Jacobus Bothigarius, the doctors, was at this time held in great esteem by all the world for his scriptural knowledge, and his understanding and interpretations of the law. Excelling all other interpreters of the written law, he wrote excellent interpretations of the imperial and civil laws, as well as many exceptional and commendable things of good counsel. He died at the age of 56 years.

Franciscus Albergotus of Aretino, an able doctor and interpreter of the imperial law, was a confidant and follower of Bartolus.

Jacopino, a lord of Carrara, who slew Marsiglio, was, after he had ruled there for tour years, slain by Guglielmo, his son, who was born to him by a concubine because he had called him a bastard. To do this he called his father to a secluded place and stabbed him with a sword, and caused him to be buried in St. Augustine’s church. And therefore the Lord, in no idle words, nor in vain, said, “He who slays with the sword, by the sword shall he be slain."