First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…

Prague, capital city of the kingdom of Bohemia, is a very large city, whose description, in view of its age, should have been given ere now. But as Emperor Charles IV, the Bohemian king, performed many great and memorable things in this city, its description was held in abeyance until his deeds were told. This city (as the Bohemian historians say) originated after the time of Abraham the patriarch, and is a venerable royal episcopal see. It is divided into three parts, Little Prague, Old Prague, and New Prague. Little Prague embraces the left side of the Moldau and touches the elevation on which the royal court and the episcopal church of St. Vitus is located. Old Prague lies entirely in a plain, and is beautified with great and venerable buildings. The way from the old city to the new is by means of a stone bridge with 24 arches. The new city is separated from the old one by a deep moat, and is surrounded by walls. This city is extensive and reaches to the mount of Saint Charles and Saint Catherine, and as far as the Wyssehrad , built in the form of a citadel. There stands the college of the school. The city is celebrated and renowned in Bohemia, which belonged to Germany. The entire city lies exposed to the winds from the north, is rotund in form, and is a three days' journey from the villages. It is entirely surrounded by a forest, and is watered by rivers of which the Moldau is the largest and flows through the capital city of Prague. When a difference arose as to how this city was to be called, Libussa, the duchess, ordered that the first workman encountered should be asked what he is doing, and the first word of his answer should be the name of the city. The first man asked was a carpenter; and he said he was making a threshold, which in the Bohemian tongue is Praha; and thereafter the city was known by the abbreviated name of Prague. In this country the Amazons once ruled, and thereafter dukes reigned until the time of Wratislaus, the first king, who in A.D. 1086, in a council of the princes at Mainz, was declared king of Bohemia by Emperor Henry V; and Moravia, Silesia and Lausitz were added to the Bohemian kingdom.