First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…

Charles IV, son of King John of Bohemia, and grandson of Emperor Henry, was elected Roman emperor in A.D. 1347 by the electors of the empire, at the direction of Pope Clement VI, to the ignominy and exclusion of Emperor Louis; and he reigned thirty-two years. Charles was well educated and knew many languages, was just, pious and godfearing, loving the pious and hating evil. In furtherance of justice he made sundry laws, which are still current, and are called after him, Caroline. While his father still lived he fought against the infidels with good fortune; and with the sword he protected the cities in Lombardy, which his father had conquered. While a mere youth he fought and defeated those of Verona. In the same battle he was twice unhorsed, took the saddle a third time, and gave proof of his valor. He was baptized Wenceslaus, and at the time of his confirmation his name was changed by Charles the king of France, who reared him from youth. This Charles was a man of great deeds, who enlightened the kingdom of Bohemia by his service to and by virtue of good laws and customs. He established the school of liberal arts at Prague, enclosed the Neustadt with walls and towers, built a stately royal palace, founded many cloisters, erected marvelous castles, and gave peace to all Bohemia. When he attained to the Roman sovereignty he proceeded to Rome, tarried for a long time at Mantua, and restored unity among the Italian princes, who feared him. He then proceeded to Milan, where he received the iron crown according to custom. On his way to Rome he came to Pisa where he silenced the contending partisans. Those of Sienna, Volaterno, Miniatensis and Florence also submitted to him. Finally he came to Rome, where he was crowned with the imperial crown by two cardinals, whom Pope Innocent sent there for that purpose. Thereafter he drove out the Ghibellines, replacing them by Guelphs. He brought the Lombards under his dominion, and gave law and order to the remaining regions of Etruria according to his will. After he was crowned at Rome he surrendered to the pope for judgment those who had opposed the church. Proceeding through Etruria and Lombandy, he returned to Germany. He gave Moravia to his brother John, and fortified Prague with new walls and defenses. He restored the bridges over the Moldau which had been ruined by the floods. He brought the remains of St. Vitus to Prague, and elevated to a bishopric the church there, which had been subject to the bishop of Mainz. He was a very highly renowned and praiseworthy man, except (as some write) that he was more diligent in behalf of Bohemia than in behalf of the Roman empire. He promised every elector 100,000 guilders to vote for his son Wenceslaus as his successor; but being unable to pay in cash, he pledged to them in common the revenues of the Roman empire. Several years thereafter Charles died at a good old age, in A.D. 1373.

Count Gunther of Schwartzburg, a magnanimous man, by the favor of certain electors, set himself up against the said Emperor Charles, and called himself Roman Emperor. After he had collected a large army, and was about to make war upon Charles, and no one could dissuade him therefrom by plea or threat, he was poisoned, and Charles was suspected of having instigated a physician to do the deed. After Gunther’s death Charles reigned without opposition.

A comet appeared in the North in December 1351. This was followed by strong winds, and a burning beam was seen to fall from the sky. It is said that before the death of Pope Innocent VI, there was a greater eclipse of the sun than had ever been seen before.

A great overhanging horrible mist moved among the clouds, and fell to earth, and it is said that a great quantity of vermin fell from the heavens in the East.