First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…

The Ottoman Turks were so called after Ottoman (Ottomanno), their first prince; and in our times they subjugated all of Asia Minor and Greece. They had their origin during the pontificate of Pope John (Iohanne). When dissension occurred among the Turkish princes, this Ottoman soon became very mighty and celebrated, and he brought a number of cities and castles under his dominion. After Ottoman’s death, his son Orsan (Orchanes) succeeded him. He enlarged upon the plans of his father. After him reigned Murad (Amurates), his son. He was asked for help by one who was at war to conquer Greece. But Murad delayed in order that the war might continue. When the contenders were worn out, he made war upon them both, conquering much of Greece for himself. When Murad died he left two sons, Suleyman (Solomanno) and Bajazet; and upon the death of Suleyman everything passed to Bayezid (Pazaitem). Before he was taken prisoner by Tamerlane (as stated below), Bayezid performed great deeds in Greece. After his release from prison he died in Asia without honor or renown. He left many sons, the eldest of whom, Celebi (Calopinus), reigned; and after him came his son Orhan, who was slain by his uncle Musa (Moise) who reigned after Orhan, and died shortly without heirs. After him reigned Mohammed (Mahumethes), a son of Bayezid, and he initiated much evil against the Christians in Europe. Mohammed was succeeded by his son Murad. Murad had a son named Mohammed, who conquered two empires and twelve kingdoms. When he died he was succeeded by his eldest son Bayezid, who now reigns as Turkish sultan. And this is the race of the Ottomon Turks. The Turkish name has so augmented itself that what was formerly Asia, is now Turkey.

Odericus, a pious man of the Barefoot Order, wandered through Asia and India, preaching and enlightening by his miracles. He miraculously brought the remains of four saints from the city of Hormes, over the upper Indian sea, to the city of Cora.

Bartholomeus of Pisa, of the Preaching Order, a doctor of the Holy Scriptures and of the canon law, compiled many praiseworthy things at this time, and more particularly a compendium named Pisano after himself.

Albertus Brixianus (of Brescia), of the same Order, possessed of scriptural wisdom and of still greater sanctity, was at this time illustrious for his miracles. He also left excellent writings. It is said that St. Augustine and St. Thomas at one time appeared to him.

Ludolfus, a German of the Carthusian Order, prior of Strassburg, and illustrious for his learning and saintly ways, at this time, through divine revelation rather than by human industry, wrote an excellent book on the life of Christ in a heavenly manner. And thereby he indicated and gave proof of his ability and knowledge in all things divine and profane, and particularly of the life of Christ, so far as it is possible for any one person to have knowledge thereof.

Thomas of Strassburg, a general of the Augustinian Order, lived at this time. He wrote interpretations and expositions on the four books of higher criticism with such elegance that in Germany his work was given preference over all others.

Ubertino of Garrara in this year secured the rule of Padua through the efforts of his uncle Marsiglio; and he ruled for six years. But being much distressed by Mascino, the lord of Verona, he finally surrendered the city to him. But when the Venetians and the lord of Milan made a treaty of peace, the city of Padua was restored to him, and his sovereignty was confirmed by imperial and papal authority; and he ruled Padua in peace for the rest of his life. Upon his death, his son and successor, Marsilius, was slain by Jacopo, his uncle, and the rule passed to the said Jacopo.

Astesanus of Asti in Lombardy was of the Barefoot Order. He was a highly learned man and at this time wrote an excellent compendium of the Holy Scriptures and of the civil law.