First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…

The new Order of Jesus Christ was established by Pope John in Lusitania (which is called Portugal) so that its brothers might practice knighthood and drive out the Saracens and infidels who distressed and injured the Christians everywhere. The head of this order is in the city of Marino, in the bishopric of Sylvensis[Silves?] where he established the chief house. With the consent of the king of Portugal he gave these knights for the maintenance and strengthening of their order all the estates of the Templars. The chief of this order is the abbot of the Alcohasian cloister, Cistercian Order, in the bishopric of Lisbon, who has authority and power to enlist and to depose such knights.

Clementinarum, a book of the canon law, so called, was at this time confirmed by Pope John XXII and sent to all the universities, with instructions to all the doctors in these schools to read it publicly. The predecessor (of John), Pope Clement, held a council of three hundred prelates at Vienne in which he made many and various laws and ordinances affecting the clergy; and these same laws and ordinances Pope John caused to be compiled in book form and named Clementinarum after the said Clement; and he confirmed it by virtue of his papal authority.[See Clement V, Folio CCXXI verso, and note; also Council of Vienne, Folio CCXXI verso, and note. ]


Pietro (Petrus) da Corbara (Corbariensis), of the Barefoot Order, was set up in this year as a pope against Pope John, as Nicholas the Fifth, at the behest of Emperor Louis (Ludovico). He was a boorish person with a young wife who envied him his elevation. He was honored by the emperor and by many others as a vicar of Christ, and to him were attached many miscreants, dissenters, and condemned and wanton persons of his own kind. Through him many received offices as cardinals, bishops and priests, and they became so insolent that they publicly called Pope John a heretic. And as Pietro was a chief and protector of the Fraticellian heresy, he undertook to augment this devilish school of heresy according to his means. In order to conceal their evil purpose these heretics said that Christ and his disciples were so poor that they possessed nothing in particular nor in common among them. But this error was looked upon as heretical by those highly learned in the Holy Scriptures, and was condemned by the pope. Finally this Pietro was taken as a prisoner by Boniface of Pisa to the pope at Avignon. There he asked pardon and forgiveness, but as a penance was imprisoned for three years: and there he died.[Pietro da Corbara, antipope as Nicholas V, in Italy from 1328 to 1330 during the pontificate of John XX at Avignon, was a native of Corbara in the Abruzzi. He joined the Franciscan order in 1310, and through the influence of the excommunicated emperor, Louis the Bavarian, he was elected pope by an assembly of priests and laymen, and consecrated at St. Peter’s in 1329 by the bishop of Venice. After spending four months in Rome, he withdrew with Louis to Viterbo and from there to Pisa, where he was guarded by the imperial vicar. He was excommunicated by John XXII in April 1329, and sought refuge with Count Boniface of Donoratico near Piombino. Having obtained assurance of pardon, he presented a confession of his sins first to the archbishop of Pisa, and the to the pope at Avignon. He remained in honorable imprisonment in the papal palace until his death in October of 1333. (See also Fraticelli, Folio CCXXI recto; also John XXII, Folio CCXXIV verso, and notes.)]

Augustine of Ancona, Augustinian Order, commendable for his wisdom and teaching, and for the piety of his life, lived at this time. In clarity of scriptural knowledge he excelled all the teachers of his time for wisdom and understanding of the Holy Scriptures. With keenness and subtlety he interpreted not only the New Testament, beginning with the Gospel of Matthew, but he also undertook many expositions and interprettations of the Holy Scriptures, as the learned well know.[Augustine of Ancona (1270-1328). Also called Augustinus Triumphus, was a native of Ancona and a Hermit of Augustine. The most significant theme of his main work, the (‘Complete Treatment of Ecclesiastical Power’), is his extraordinary support of papal supremacy.]

Albertus of Padua, of the same order, disciple of Aegidius of Rome, and a highly learned teacher of the Holy Scriptures, was at this time regarded as a prince of preachers. And being highly endowed with scriptural wisdom, he produced a great many elegant, commendable and useful works for the instruction of the clergy and many sermons for the people. He also interpreted the five books of Moses, and all the epistles of Paul. On account of the excellence of his learning and teaching he was honored in the palace in Padua.

Albert of Padua was an early 14th-century theologian associated with the Aegidian School, founded by Giles of Rome (in Latin written Aegidius Romanus; in Italian Egidio Colonna; c. 1243-1316). Its members included Giacomo Capoccio of Viterbo (d. 1307), Augustinus of Ancona (a.k.a. Augustinus Triumphus; d. 1328), Prosper of Reggio, Gerard of Siena, Henry of Frimar, and Thomas of Strasburg (the latter four all active in the first half of the 14th century).

The last sentence in this paragraph is not in the German edition of the Chronicle.

Bonaventura of Padua, a general of the same order, and a cardinal of the Roman Church, was in great esteem at this time for his teaching and scriptural ability. Being a defender of the privileges of the Church he was shot with an arrow by a lord of Carrara and crowned with martyrdom.