First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…

Albert the Duke of Bavaria, son-in-law of Emperor Frederick III. In the spirit of a benefactor he maintains many lions there; and in this city a lioness whelped a large litter of cubs.[Munich, capital of Bavaria, and the fourth largest city in Germany, is first mentioned under the name of Villa Munichen, or Forum ad monachos, so called after the monks who owned the land. The name occurs in the monastic annuals of Tegersee (1102-1154); but the monk did not appear in the city’s coat of arms until the 13th century. In 1158, it was the site of a mint, and the emporium for salt coming from Hallein and Reichenhall. As early as 1164, it was already walled and had a civic status. The outer wall was built in 1301. In 1327, the city was almost entirely destroyed by fire, but was rebuilt afterwards by Emperor Louis in its present form. In 1632, it was occupied by Gustavus Adolphus, and, in 1705, and again in 1742, it was in the possession of the Austrians. The old town forms a semi-circle with its diameter towards the left bank of the river, while round its periphery sprang up the greater part of the modern city of Munich. The wall with which Munich was surrounded was pulled down in 1791, but some of the gates have been left.]


Mapheus of Bergamo, born of the ancient and noble family, called the Forestori, was highly learned in both branches of the law. He was a well-spoken man of worldly experience and at this time held in great esteem by Emperor Louis (Ludovicum) for his beneficence; for this reason he was granted many privileges, for himself and his heirs, including the power to create notaries to legitimate the illegitimate, to appoint regular judges, and the like.

Raynald, son of Aldromandrini[Aldobrandino?], Marquis d’Este, attained to the lordship of Ferrara in this year. With his brother Nicholas he ruled four years. He drove the French occupational forces from the city, relieving it of their domination. He subjugated the city of Argenta[Argenta, an Italian city lying midway between Bologna and Ravenna, at a distance of about twenty-five miles from each.]. He attacked and dispersed the pontifical army which besieged the city of Ferrara. Finally he died in peace, leaving as heir and successor, Obizzo, son of his brother Nicholas.