First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…

Munich (Monacum), a city of Upper Germany, situated on the river Isar, is highly celebrated among the princely cities of Germany, and is the most renowned city in Bavaria. Although considered modern, it excels other cities in noble, public, and exceptional buildings. It has very beautiful houses, wide streets, and handsomely decorated churches. Although this city had its origin in the time of Otto the First, it was enlarged and adorned with buildings by the aforesaid Emperor Louis (Ludovico). When Otto the First received the imperial sovereignty in Germany in the Year of the Lord 962, part of Bavaria was in the possession of Duke Henry (Heinricus) of Braunschweig as a maternal inheritance. The castle at Veringen was his residence. At that time and in the same place there was a public street or thoroughfare over the Isar; and said Duke Henry caused a bridge to be built over the Isar near the monastic estate on which the city of Munich now stands; and he ordered it to become a public street appurtenant to a little village. But when Bishop Albert of Freising[Freising, situated a short distance to the northeast of Munich on the river Isar, has been the seat of an Episcopal see (Munich-Freising) since the 8th century.] saw his tolls and privileges diminish because of it, he complained to Emperor Otto, who ordered the streets at Veringen to remain as they had been according to ancient custom. In the meantime Duke Henry died, leaving a son named Ernest. Before long Eadgyth (Odyecia)[Also known as Editha (‘Edith’) of Wessex (d. 946).], wife of Emperor Otto and daughter of an English king, also died. So then Emperor Otto married Adelaide, the widow of the deceased Bavarian Duke Henry. Duke Ernest, son of Adelaide, being a wellspoken man of extraordinary accomplishments, was very acceptable to his stepfather, Emperor Otto. Ernest desired the emperor to confirm unto him as a municipality this little village with a public street; and after various conferences the emperor agreed, on condition, however, that the city pay to Freising an annual toll of 50 pennyweight. And thus the city, endowed with royal privileges and liberties, had its origin. After being thus created by Duke Ernest, it increased from day to day in population and buildings. In the Year of Salvation twelve hundred seventy, in the time of Duke of Conrad of Freising this city was divided into two parishes, and the Church of Our Lady was made a parish; for until then Saint Peter’s had been the only parish church. Afterwards, in the time of Louis, duke of Bavaria and Roman emperor, this city increased remarkably; for he caused the suburbs and many other structures to be surrounded by a wall, while in the city he built the old castle with the Barefoot monastery, and also the monastery of the Augustinian Order. In this city, before the high altar in the parish Church of Our Lady, Emperor Louis lies buried; and there may be seen his imperial crown and epitaph. This city of Munich was built in a delightful location on the Isar; and through it the merchants passed from time to time in traveling from Italy into Germany. There is also an elegant castle here, a large stately court, with many handsome and wonderful buildings and apartments, chambers and vaults. Up to the present Munich has had various rulers; and now it is in the possession of the illustrious prince,