First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…

Year of the World 6504

Year of the World 1305

Pope Clement the Fifth, a Vasconian bishop of Burdegalia[Burgdelia (Burdiglia or Burdegala), modern Bordeaux.], previously called Bertrand de Gouth (Bernardus Gotho), son of a noble, was elected pope after a lengthy controversy; for the cardinals were held in conclave by the Parisians until they agreed upon the election of Bertrand, who was then in Gaul. When he received the news of his election he went to Lyons, and there he summoned the cardinals to him. And after some delay they came in the month of August, in the Year of Salvation thirteen hundred five. There the pope was crowned in the presence of King Philip of France, his brother Charles (Carolus), John (Iohannes), duke of Britain, and all the nobility of France. And while the pope was being carried through the city with great pomp, a high wall, from which the people were viewing the pageant, fell to the ground. Under it fell the duke of Britain, and many unnamed persons; so also, Charles, brother of the king of France, fell in a faint. In the turmoil which ensued the pope was crowded and driven back and forth, so that his tiara fell from his head, and a costly jasper was lost from it. He made so many cardinals from Gaul that it was easy to conjecture that in the future no one except those from Gaul could be elected pope; yet he conceded to the wishes of the Romans and Italians by reinstating the two Roman cardinals, James (Jacobus) and John, the Colonni; And so that the Romans might not be impatient and become antagonistic because of the long absence of the papal court from Rome, he ordered the appointment of three legates with consular authority to proceed to Rome and to govern Italy. Later, at his command the heresy of the men called the Dulcinists was suppressed, and the Order of the Templars entirely extinguished. At the instance of those of Ferrara, he interdicted the Venetians, prohibiting singing, readings, and the Sacrament. He did likewise with those of Florence and Lucca. For that reason the Florentines undertook to burden the clergy with heavy levies and taxes. But when he turned his attention to pacifying the Church, he held a council; in it the first book, named Clementarium, after him, was made, and Celestine, under the name of Peter, was enrolled in the number of the confessors. After enduring much painful illness, he died in the eighth year, ten month, and fifteenth day of his pontificate. The seat was then vacant for two years, three months, and 17 days.[Clement V (Bertrand de Gouth), pope from 1305 to 1314, was born of a noble Gascon family about 1264. After studying at Toulouse, Orleans, and Bologna, he became a canon at Bordeaux, then vicar-general to his brother, the archbishop of Lyons; in 1295, bishop of Cominges; and, in 1299, archbishop of Bordeaux. On June 5th, 1305, he was chosen to succeed Benedict XI. From the beginning, Clement V was subservient to French interests. Among his first acts was the creation of nine French cardinals. Early in 1306 he modified those features of former bulls which were offensive to the king. In March of 1309, the entire papal court settled at Avignon, a fief of the king of Sicily. Thus began the 70 years “Babylonian captivity of the Church.” In October of 1307 came the arrest of all the Knights Templar in France, whom the king had charged with heresy, immorality, and abuses. Hearing that the State would proceed independently against the alleged heretics, Clement summoned the Council of Vienne, which was unable to conclude that the Templars were guilty of heresy. The pope abolished the Order, however, as it had outlived its usefulness. Its French estates were granted to the Hospitallers, but actually Philip IV held them until his death. In his relations to the empire, Clement was an opportunistic. He refused to favor the candidacy of Charles of Valois, brother of Philip IV, lest France become too powerful; and recognized Henry of Luxemburg, whom his representatives crowned emperor at the Lateran in 1312. When Henry, however, came into conflict with Robert of Naples, Clement supported Robert and threatened the emperor with interdict. Henry’s unexpected death was soon followed by that of the pope on April 20th, 1314, at Roque-maure-sur-Rhone.]

Dulcinus and Margaret, his wife, the heretics, in the Year of Salvation one thousand three hundred seven, at the city of Novara in Lombardy, collected followers for their heresies by the thousands, and poisoned them with their evil seed, and incited the laity to envy and hatred of the priests and clergy. In their assumed purity and innocence they considered themselves superior to all other persons, and in an unseemly manner they caused the people to intermingle in promiscuity. This continued for two years, after which they were driven into the mountains by the emissaries of Pope Clement, and were killed by frost and starvation; while Dulcinus and Margaret were torn limb from limb, burned, and their ashes scattered to the winds.[The Dulcinists were so called from one Dulcinus, a layman of Novara in Lombardy, who lived in the beginning of the 14th century. He pretended to preach the reign of the Holy Spirit; and, while he rejected the pope’s authority, he foolishly made himself out to be the head of a third reign, saying that the Father had reigned from the beginning of the world to the coming of Christ; and the Son’s reign then began and continued until the year 1300. He was followed by a great many people to the Alps, where he and his wife were taken and burnt by the order of the pope. This sect was a reaction against the worldliness of the Church.]

In the Year of the Lord 1311 on the Kalends of November a general council was held at Vienne, attended by 300 bishops and other prelates from various parts of the world. And although Pope Clement, to satisfy the wishes of the king of France, had promised to efface the memory of Pope Boniface, and employed every effort to that end, he could not secure the consent of the Council to the purpose. Yet he invoked an illegal proceeding against the king of France. It was ordained that all the possessions and estates of the Templars should be accredited to the Hospitallers at Jerusalem. In the same council general statutes affecting the status of the clergy were considered. And although Pope Clement did much to encourage the rescue of the city of Jerusalem, all was in vain and for naught.[The Council of Vienne ranks as the fifteenth ecumenical synod. It met from October 16th, 1311 to May 6th, 1312 under the presidency of Pope Clement V. The transfer of the Curia from Rome to Avignon (1309) had brought the papacy under the influence of the French crown; and this position Philip the Fair of France now endeavored to utilize by demanding from the pope the dissolution of the powerful and wealthy order of the Temple, together with the introduction of a trial for heresy against the late Pope Boniface VIII. To evade the second claim, Clement gave way on the first. On the 22nd of March, the order of the Temple was suppressed by the bull , while further decisions as to the treatment of the order and its possessions followed later. Additional decisions were necessitated by the violent disputes which raged within the Franciscan order as to the observance of the rules of Francis of Assisi.]