First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…

Pope Gregory the Tenth (formerly called Theobald), an Italian, born at Piacenza of a noble family, which had been driven from Milan, and an archdeacon of Liege, while in Asia was elected pope by an assembly of the cardinals at Viterbo. During all his life he was a renowned man, wise and prudent in all his affairs and business, brave and firm in disposition, a scorner of wealth and mundane things, and mild and kind-hearted toward the poor Christians, particularly those who took refuge in the bosom of the Papal See. As soon as he entered upon the pontificate he undertook, with the assistance of King Philip of France, to arbitrate the turmoil and war between the Genoese and Venetians. After this arbitration he proceeded to Florence with Charles (Carolo) the king of Sicily. Through sympathy for the citizens who had been exiled from this city, and with the support of King Charles, he took measures for their return. The pope then proceeded to Lyons to hold a council there. And to Lyons came Palaeologus, emperor of Constantinople. And so Rudolf was chosen Roman Emperor by the electors. After good management of this council the pontiff again returned to Italy. On the way he was approached by Alphonso, the king of Castile, who complained of the election of Rudolf to the imperial sovereignty, because his rights to the imperial title under the former election had not been respected. But the pope pacified Alphonso with kind words and many reasons; and in consequence Alphonso abandoned and waived his rights and demands against the newly elected Roman emperor. The pope then proceeded to Arezzo; and there he died in the fourth year, second month, and tenth day of his pontificate.[Gregory X (Tebaldo Visconti), pope from 1271 to 1276, was born at Piacenza in 1208, and became Archdeacon of Liege. While accompanying Edward of England on the crusade, he was elected pope and consecrated in 1271. He summoned the 14th general council at Lyons in 1274 for the purpose of considering the eastern schism, the condition of the Holy Land, and the abuses of the church. The Greeks were persuaded to consent to a union for the time being, and Rudolf of Hapsburg renounced at the council all imperial rights in the States of the Church. Gregory issued the constitution determining for the first time the form of conclave at papal elections. He was on his way to Rome to crown Rudolf when he died at Arezzo on January 10th, 1276.]

Innocent the Fifth, a Burgundian, formerly called Peter of Tarentaise, of the order of Saint Dominic, a man highly learned in the Holy Scriptures, was elected pope at Arezzo in the Year of the Lord 1275. At this time the Florentines sent emissaries to Rome to secure removal of the ban which had been pronounced against them; and this the pope granted. He would have brought the Genoese and Venetians to his way of thinking, had he not been suddenly taken by death; for he died in the Lateran Palace on the second day of the sixth month of his pontificate.[Innocent V (Pierre de Champagni or de Tarentaise), pope from January 21st to June 22nd, 1276, was born about 1225 in Savoy, and entered the Dominican order at an early age. He studied theology under Thomas Aquinas, Albertus Magnus and Bonaventura. He was made archbishop of Lyons in 1271; cardinal-bishop of Ostia and Velletri and grand penitentiary in 1275; and, partly through the influence of Charles of Anjou, was elected to succeed Gregory X. As pope he established peace between the republics of Lucca and Pisa, and confirmed Charles of Anjou in his office of imperial vicar of Tuscany. He was seeking to carry out the Lyons agreement with the Eastern Church when he died. Before he became pope, Innocent prepared in conjunction with Albertus Magnus and Thomas Aquinas a rule of studies for his order, which was accepted in 1259. He was also the author of several works in philosophy, theology and the canon law. He was succeeded by Adrian V.]

Adrian (Hadrianus) the Fifth, a Genoese, formerly called Ottobuono, was elevated to the papacy in the hall of the Lateran at Rome. He was a relative of Innocent the Fourth, who had previously made him a cardinal. He was a man of magnanimous disposition, and as soon as he had accepted the care of the papal see he journeyed to Viterbo to make proposals to mitigate the power of Charles (Caroli); and for that reason he invited King Rudolf to assist him; but Rudolf was delayed in doing so because of the war in which he was engaged with the king of Bohemia. It was this pope’s plan to carry out many beneficial measures, but death intervened. He died on the fiftieth (or, as others say, fortieth) day of his pontificate at Viterbo.[Adrian V (Ottobuono de’ Fieschi), pope in 1276, was a Genoese. He was created cardinal deacon by his uncle, Innocent IV. In 1264, he was sent to England to mediate between Henry III and the barons. He was elected pope to succeed Innocent V on July 11th, 1276, but died at Viterbo on August 18th, without having been ordained, even to the priesthood.]

A council or great assembly was convened at Lyons in this year by Pope Gregory the Tenth. The first matter considered was the recovery of Jerusalem. To this council came the Greek emperor, Michael Palaeologus, with a large entourage, and consented, for the thirteenth time, to the union of the eastern and the Western or Roman Churches, in accordance with the wishes of the Greeks. A number of wellborn and noble people of Scythia, who accompanied the said emperor, received baptism and adopted the Christian faith. And Rudolf, who had been chosen Roman emperor by the electors, was confirmed in the same council by Pope Gregory upon condition that he peaceably come to Italy in the following year to be anointed and to receive the imperial crown, and afterwards lend his utmost assistance toward the recovery of the city of Jerusalem.