First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…

A very large mountain in Burgundy tore asunder, shattering itself, and suffocating about five thousand persons. The rent ran many miles and finally stopped miraculously at other mountains.

Saint Cyrillus, a Greek, a Carmelite prior and doctor, flourished at this time in piety of life and in the spirit of prophecy. He wrote prophecies of the world’s future, and was illustrious for many miracles; all to the honor of God, and the wonder and terror of the world.[Cyrillus was the third Prior General of the Carmelite Order. He was born at Constantinople in 1190, and died on Mount Carmel in Palestine in 1224.]

The Grossoni, or Grossoini, an Arab people, at this time, at the instigation of the Sultan of Babylon, persecuted and oppressed the Christians in Asia, in many ways, particularly the Templars and Hospitallers. Afterwards they came to Jerusalem, where they exterminated by death the Christians whom the sons of Saladin had left unharmed; and with great scorn they dishonored and despoiled the Holy Sepulchre, which until then had remained unmolested.

Louis (Lodovicus), the blessed king of France, was crowned and anointed at the age of 13 years, upon the death of his father; and he reigned 41 years. This Louis, a zealous lover of the Christian religion, was reared from childhood by Queen Blanche, a devout woman, in every virtue; and his thoughts, words and deeds were confined to what pertained to God. In the twentieth year of his reign he collected a great and mighty army, and sailed over seas to the banks of the river Nile in Egypt. And so the Saracens decided upon a retreat from the city of Damietta. In this host was a papal legate, the patriarch of Jerusalem, and many French bishops and abbots. Robert, count of Poitiers, king Louis’s brother, besieged the city of Damietta with a new force. In a heavy engagement King Louis captured the city, and afterwards fought various engagements with the Saracens. But he was finally defeated and taken prisoner, and for his ransom the city was returned to the Saracens. Later he fought against them, often with good fortune. At last death decimated his forces, and Louis, his brother John (Ioanne), and many nobles were taken by death. He was enrolled in the number of the holy confessors. Afterwards his body was brought back to Paris.

Louis IX, or St. Louis, king of France, was born in 1215, succeeding his father, Louis VIII, in 1226. During a dangerous illness he made a vow to go on a crusade. Having appointed his mother (the pious Blanche of Castile) regent, he landed with 40,000 men in Egypt in 1249. He captured Damietta, but was afterwards defeated, taken prisoner, and ransomed for 100,000 marks in 1250. He proceeded to Acre with the remnant of his army, and remained in Palestine till his mother’s death (in 1252) compelled him to return to France.

Louis did much to strengthen loyalty to his house, determined by the Pragmatic Sanction the relation of the French Church to the pope, founded the Sorbonne, set up royal courts of justice or parliaments in the French provinces, and authorized a new code of laws. He embarked on a new crusade in 1270, died of the plague the same year and was canonized in 1297.

Edmund (Eadimundus), archbishop of Canterbury, not long after his death, was enrolled in the number of the saints by Pope Innocent the Fourth in the Year of the Lord 1257. He was a man of wonderful piety and great wisdom. He was born in an English village, and retained his virginity to the time of his death. Being a master of liberal arts, he heard masses daily, and this was also useful and advantageous to his students. Afterwards he devoted himself to study of the Holy Scriptures. He was an extraordinary preacher and a very keen debater. Later he was elected archbishop of Canterbury, and there he flourished in great virtue. But being persecuted, he secretly fled from England overseas to Pontigny, and from there to the monastery at Soissy. While he lay sick and dying he received the Holy Sacrament. He died sitting up in bed, his head resting on his hand. His remains were carried to Pontigny and buried in the Church of Saint Jacob, where they were illustrious in many miracles.

Edmund (Edmund Rich) was born at Abingdon about 1175. His father, a retired merchant, with the consent of his wife, retired to a monastery, leaving the education of their family in her hands. Edmund entered the grammar school at Oxford, and at the age of 12, took a vow of perpetual chastity in the Virgin’s church at Oxford. After graduating at Paris, he lectured for six years on the liberal arts. Having attracted the notice of the Roman court, he was appointed in 1227 to preach the crusade in England. In 1233, he was elected archbishop of Canterbury at the express suggestion of Gregory IX, and at once leaped into prominence for rebuking the king in following the advice of foreign favorites.

In common with the baronical opposition, Edmund treated Henry III as responsible for the tragic fate of Richard Marshal, earl of Pembroke, and threatened the king with excommunication. The king bowed before the storm, dismissed the foreign counselors, made peace with Marshal’s adherents, and was publicly reconciled with the barons. But it was with the object of emancipating himself from Edmund’s control that the king asked the pope to send him a legate (1236). On the arrival of Cardinal Otto in the following year, the archbishop found himself thwarted at every point. The marriage between Simon de Montfort and the Princess Eleanor, which Edmund had pronounced as invalid, was ratified at Rome upon appeal. The king and legate upheld the monks of Canterbury in their opposition to the archbishop’s authority. On all public occasions the legate took precedence on the archbishop. By the advice of his suffragans, Edmund laid a protest before the king, and excommunicated in general terms all who had infringed the liberties of Canterbury. These measures led to no result, and after the papal encroachments of 1240, when the English clergy were required to pay a subsidy of a fifth for the war against Frederick II, and simultaneously three hundred Romans were “provided” with English benefices in return for their political services to the Holy See, Edmund withdrew to Pontigny. The state of his health drove him later to Soissy (near Provins), where he died in 1240.

Stanislaus, bishop of Krakow, in Poland, illustrious for his learning and piety, flourished at this time. After many works of virtue he died in blessedness, and was enrolled among the saints by Pope Innocent the Fourth; for during his life and after his death he was illustrious for his miracles.[Stanislaus was born in 1030 in a town of Austrian Galicia, formerly part of Poland. He was educated at Gnesen and in Paris, and, on the death of his parents, devoted his wealth and service to the church. He was ordained and given a canonry, and, in 1072, became bishop of Krakow. At this time, Boleslaus II was king of Poland. He was a man of cruelty and unbridled lust; for this reason Stanislaus threatened to excommunicate him. Because of this threat the king cut open the head of Stanislaus with his sword, and in his rage mutilated the face of the dying man. His attendants hacked the body to pieces, and cast it into the field, where three eagles are said to have defended it from wild dogs, until some of the faithful secretly buried it. Stanislaus was canonized by Innocent IV in 1253.]

Also Saint Albert of Trapani (Tarpano), a native of Sicily and a Carmelite, renowned for his service, miracles and learning, and an image of perfection, flourished at this time.[Albert of Trapani (Albert of Sicily) (c. 1250 - August 7, 1306) was born in Trapani, Sicily, and entered the Carmelite monastery there at a very young age. He was later transferred to the Carmelite house at Messina, where his celebration of Mass while the city was being besieged and slowly starved to death in 1301 is believed to have saved the city by allowing ships loaded with grain to pass through the blockade.]

A large stone fell into the monastery of Saint Gabriel. It was inscribed with a cross and an image of Christ. It bore the golden letters: Jesus of Nazareth, King of the Jews. It restored sight to a blind man.


Earthquake: A severed mountain is engulfing a number of people.