First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…
FOLIO CV verso

Year of the World 5273

Year of Christ 73

Linus succeeded St. Peter in the pontificate in the last year of Nero, and held office to the time of Vespasian. Some assign this position to Pope Clement, foregoing Linus and Cletus. However, history, as well as the writings of Jerome, are to the contrary. Jerome states that Clement was the fourth bishop of Rome after Peter, while Linus was the second, and Cletus the third. Some Latin writers place Clement immediately after Peter, but it is known that Clement compelled Linus and Cletus to precede him in the papal office; for succession to this coveted princely position was not a matter of consequence to him. Linus was a Tuscan by birth. He was a man of good morals and piety, and at the command of Peter ordered that no woman should enter church with uncovered head. Twice he consecrated eighteen priests and eleven bishops in this city. He described the works of Peter, particularly his contest with Simon the Magician. After having driven the devils out of the people and brought the dead back to life, he was slain by Saturninus, then consul, whose daughter he relieved of the devil. He was buried in the Vatican beside the body of Peter on September 21. St. Gregory, bishop of Hostia (Ostiensem), as it is said, removed his remains to that city, interring them in the Church of St. Lawrence. Linus occupied the papal see eleven years three months and twelve days.[Linus, a Christian at Rome, known to Paul and Timothy (2 Tim. 4:24), is said by Irenaeus to have been the first bishop of Rome. He is corroborated by Eusebius and Theodoret, and all ancient writers agree that the first bishop of Rome after the Apostles was named Linus. The date of his appointment, duration of his episcopate, and extent of his Episcopal jurisdiction are unsettled. Eusebius and Theodoret state that he became bishop of Rome after the death of Peter. Eusebius gives the duration of his episcopate as 68-80. According to the , Linus suffered martyrdom, and was buried in the Vatican.]

Year of the World 5284

Year of Christ 84

Cletus, a pope, by birth a Roman, reluctantly accepted the pontificate at the request of Clement. He was highly respected as a good and holy man on account of his learning, behavior and worthiness. He left nothing undone that might promote or augment the Church of God. After he had well ordered the churches and had consecrated twenty-five priests at the command of Peter, he received the crown of martyrdom under Emperor Domitian and was buried in the Vatican beside the remains or St. Peter on the 27th day of April. He was the first, as they say, to incorporate salvation and papal blessing in the apostolic letters. He held office during the times of Vespasian and Titus, and until the time of the consuls Domitian and Rufus, as Damasus writes. He occupied the papal see 11 years, 1 month and 11 days. The office was vacant for 20 days after his death.[Cletus, Anecletus, or Anacletus, appears as the second bishop of Rome, occupying the see for twelve years (c. 77-88). It is uncertain that Linus, Cletus and Clement were the first three bishops of Rome. Cletus and Anecletus/Anacletus are identical; the former was the Greek, the latter the Latin form of the same name, signifying ‘the blameless.’ The body of Cletus is said to be preserved in the Vatican Chapel.]

Bartholomew, the apostle, and such by the advice of heaven, after the descent of the Holy Spirit, and after he had preached the gospel of Christ in Lycaonia and India, came to the city of Albana[ Albana, or Albanopolis, is probably the modern Derbend, on the shores of the Caspian, north of the Caucasus. Martyrologists believe that this is the site of Bartholomew’s martyrdom.] in Greater Armenia. And he entered the temple in which Ashtaroth (Ascaroth), the pagan god, was worshipped, and so contrived that the devil made no response to his worshippers. On account of that they went to a city nearby, where another idolatrous god told them that their own god had been enslaved by the presence of Bartholomew; and he identified Bartholomew by describing him as having black curly hair, a fair body, large eyes, regular nose, long beard, and a few gray locks, a smooth person, wearing a white robe without sleeves, and a cloak with jewels at all the corners, and that he was accustomed to pray one hundred times daily on bended knees, etc. And there Bartholomew preached the Gospel, converted Polymius (Polemium), the king, and his queen, and twelve cities, to Christ, and exposed the devil. For that reason the priests of the temple became angry; and they caused Astyages, brother of Polymius, to beat Bartholomew, to torture him, and finally to behead him; and thus he attained heavenly bliss. He was buried at the same place by the faithful with every honor. From there his body was removed to Lipari, later to Beneventum, and finally, as some say, to Rome. Bartholomew was born of noble parents, and came to Jerusalem where he became attached to Christ after witnessing his divine works and miracles.[Bartholomew, one of the twelve Apostles, is mentioned only in the catalogues of Apostles (Matt. 10:3; Mark 3:18; Luke 6:14, and Acts 1:13). According to Jerome, he wrote a Gospel, preached in India, and died at Albanopolis, in Armenia. He was the son of Talmai, and Bartholomew is really a patronymic – Bar Talmai, that is, ‘son of Talmai.’ He is named in connection with Philip, and seems to have been the same person whom John calls Nathanael (John 1:45-51). His correct title would appear to be Nathanael bar Talmai. He is said to have been flayed alive by Polymius, the Armenian prince, or by Astyages, the brother of Polymius. When flayed, Bartholomew was suspended on a cross, and left to die in agony, exposed to the flies. Tradition has it that the king at Derbend, in order to make sure that the Christians would not recover the body, enclosed it in a leaden coffin and threw it into the Caspian Sea; but the coffin floated like wood all the way to the island of Lipari, near Sicily. From there in 839 CE the body was brought to Beneventum, which was elevated into an archbishopric in 969 by John XIII, in honor of the sacred body it contained; and indulgences were granted to those visiting and venerating the relics. But another body of the same saint was found by Pope Paul IV, in 1560, in the church of that dedication in Rome, which had been ruined by a flood in 1557. The church of Beneventum, however, produces bulls from five popes confirming their claim to the true body. The Romans produced two. Bartholomew’s peculiar emblem is the butcher’s flaying knife, which he holds in his hands; sometimes he carries on his arm the skin of a man with the face attached to it, and frequently he has in one hand the Gospel of Matthew.]

Apollinaris, bishop of Ravenna, and a very pious man, was consecrated by St. Peter and sent to Ravenna. He was frequently punished with cruel lashes and his old body torn by gruesome tortures. However, in order that the faithful would not fear his hardships, he worked apostolic miracles, raising a girl from the dead, making the blind to see, the dumb to speak, and finally casting down an idol and its temple. After suffering torture he went to glorious martyrdom in the same city on the 23rd day of July.[Apollinaris (c. 75 CE) was the first bishop of Ravenna, sent there by Peter, according to the apocryphal . He has been styled a martyr, not because he died for Christ, but because on several occasions he shed his blood in testimony of his faith. It is said that on the feast of Apollinaris such swarms of ravens arrived at Ravenna that the people kill and throw out a horse to feed these black pilgrims. This saint is usually represented as a bishop holding a club or sword; and in Germany, with a raven at his side, though not so portrayed in the .]