First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…
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Lucius was elected pope after the death of Celestine. He was a native of Bologna, and at first a cardinal. After accepting the papal office he neglected nothing that was necessary to the Crusades against the infidels at Jerusalem. As soon as the news of the disastrous defeat of the Christians at Edessa and the inhuman cruelty of the infidels (as previously stated) became public, Bernard, the pious and highly learned man, undertook the protection of the Christian faith, and orally and in writing admonished all Christian princes to take up the banner of the Holy Cross against the infidels. But while the pope was concerned with this matter, he was taken away by the plague in the eleventh month and fourth day of his pontificate, and he was buried in the Lateran Basilica.[Lucius II (Gherardo Caccianemici dal Orso), pope from March 12th, 1144 to February 15th, 1145, a Bolognese, successively canon of his native city, cardinal priest of Santa Croce in Gerusalemme, treasurer of the Roman Church, papal legate in Germany for Honorius II, chancellor and librarian under Innocent II, was the successor of Celestine II. His stormy pontificate was marked by the erection of a revolutionary republic at Rome that sought to deprive the pope of his temporal power, and by the recognition of papal suzerainty over Portugal. He was succeeded by Eugenius III. ]

Year of the World 6343

Year of Christ 1144

Eugenius the Third, a native of Pisa, consecrated a monk by Bernard, the holy man, and afterward abbot of the monastery of Saint Anastasius, was elected pope after the death of Lucius, by the fathers in the Church of Saint Caesarea, because of his piety rather than his worldly career; but he afterwards distinguished himself by worldly wisdom no less than by good morals. When he learned that the Romans were unfriendly to him, he left Rome by night and went to the monastery of Farfa, and from there he summoned the cardinals and court officials at Rome, and was consecrated and confirmed. And as he now ignored the threats of the Romans, as well as their acts and deeds, they made peace with the pope. But having learned that the Romans made peace with him with wicked intent, he fled across the Tiber, and they followed him with force and arms; and he fled to France. There he found the Blessed Bernard, and from him learned how poorly the Christians had fared in Asia. Then both blessed men pleaded with Louis (Ludovicum), the king of France, to take up the Cross and to proceed to Jerusalem with an army. Finally, in the Year of Salvation eleven hundred fifty-two Eugenius returned to Rome, and brought back into his power a number of cities which the tyrant had taken over in the meantime. He died in the eighth year, fourth month, and twentieth day of his pontificate.[Eugene III (Bernardo Paganelli), pope from February 15th, 1145 to July 8th, 1153, native of Pisa, was abbot of the Cistercian monastery of St. Anastasius at Rome when he succeeded Lucius II. Immediately after his election, the Roman senators demanded his renunciation of temporal power. He refused and fled to Farfa where he was consecrated. By treaty of December 1145, he recognized the republic under his suzerainty, substituted a papal prefect for the “patrician”, and returned to Rome. The celebrated schismatic, Arnold of Brescia, however, again headed the party opposed to the temporal power of the papacy, re-established the patricianate, and forced the pope to leave Rome. In 1147, Eugenius journeyed to France to further preparations for the Second Crusade and to seek aid in the constant feuds at Rome. After holding synods at Paris, Rheims and Trier, he returned to Italy in 1148, excommunicated Arnold of Brescia in a synod at Cremona, and then endeavored to recover his see. Negotiations between Frederick Barbarossa and the Romans enabled Eugenius to return to Rome in 1152, where he died several months later. Eugenius exhibited the stoic virtues of monasticism and was reverenced for his personal character. His tomb in St. Peter’s acquired fame for miraculous cures, and he was pronounced blessed by Pius IX, in 1872.]

Anastasius the Fourth, a Roman, first an abbot and then a cardinal, upon receiving the pontificate, gave a very beautiful, costly chalice to the Lateran Basilica; and in a short time he built beautiful houses in the vicinity of the Pantheon, which they call the Saint Mary Rotunda. He had planned to do many things for the dignity and honor of the churches and for the adornment of the Roman state, had he lived. At this time a famine occurred throughout Europe, and this pope Anastasius secretly and publicly assisted the poor deserving people with alms. He finally died in the first year, fourth month and twenty-fourth day of his pontificate, and was buried in the Lateran Basilica.[Anastasius IV, pope from 1153 to 1154, was a Roman named Conrad, son of Benedictus, and at the time of his election was cardinal bishop of Sabina. He had taken part in the double election of 1130, had been one of the most determined opponents of Anacletus II, and when Innocent II fled to France, had been left behind as his vicar in Italy. In his short pontificate he played the part of a peacemaker. He died in 1154 and was succeeded by Cardinal Nicholas of Albano (Nicholas Breakspear) as Adrian IV.]

Richard of Saint Victor a distinguished and highly esteemed teacher and regular canon of Saint Victor in Paris, as well as a sharp and convincing disputant, was highly renowned at Paris at this time. In addition to being a pious man, in virtue of his intelligence and skillful wisdom he wrote many valiant and praiseworthy manuscripts and books, well known to the learned.[Richard of St. Victor, theologian and mystic of the 12th century, was born in Scotland or England, and later went to Paris where he entered the abbey of St. Victor, and became a pupil of the great mystic Hugh of St. Victor. He became prior of this house in 1162. He wrote a number of religious works. According to him, six steps lead the soul to contemplation: (1) contemplation of visible and tangible objects; (2) study of the productions of nature and art; (3) study of character; (4) study of souls and of spirits; (5) entrance to the mystical region, which ends in (6) ecstasy. In his , Dante has placed Richard among the greatest teachers of the church. His writings came into favor again in the 16th and 17th centuries, six editions of his works having been printed between 1506 and 1650.]

Malachi (Malachias), born of noble and mighty parents, and reared and educated in Ireland (Hibernia), was instructed in righteousness in the city of Armach by a man called Malachi, who served God in a cell. At the age of twenty-five years he was consecrated priest, and appointed to govern a bishopric. At the age of thirty he was consecrated bishop of Connor, and was set to work among a bestial people. He trained them to good manners. He was elevated to an archbishopric and became the chief bishop of all Ireland. Through his learning and miracles he not only enlightened Ireland, but Scotland as well. Crossing over to see Eugenius at Clairvaux, he caught a fever. Afterwards he rested in the Lord. He was buried in the oratory of the Blessed Mary in the year 1148 on the fourth day of the Nones of November.[Malachi (c. 1094-1148), archbishop of Armagh and papal legate in Ireland, was born at Armagh. His father, an Irish clergyman, is said to have been of noble family. When his boyhood days were over, Malachi placed himself as a disciple when an ascetic named Imar O’Hagan, who lived in a cell near a church in Armagh, and through him inured himself to a life of austerity. Celsus, then bishop of Armagh, ordained him a deacon at the age of twenty-three, and later made him vicar. He spent four years with Malchus, bishop of Lismore (in Munster), and on his return undertook the government of the decayed monastery of Bangor. He was at Connor, a small village, when his archbishop died and was elected his successor. After the sack of that place by the king of Ulster, he withdrew into Munster where he built the monastery of Ibrach. In 1139, Malachi set out for Rome, was received by Innocent II with great honor, and made papal legate in Ireland, though the pope refused to grant the pallium until it had been unanimously applied for “by a general council of the bishops, clergy and nobles.” Nine years later Malachi was commissioned to return to Rome and make fresh application for the pallium; but he did not get beyond Clairvaux, where he died in 1148. He was canonized by Clerment II in 1190. Malachi reformed and reorganized the Irish church and brought it into subjection to Rome. Several works are attributed to him, but are all probably spurious.]