First English edition of the Nuremberg chronicle: being the Liber chronicarum of Dr. Hartmann Schedel…

Lothair (Lotharius), Duke of Saxony, son of Duke Gebhard, was regularly elected Roman king by the princes at Mainz, in the Year of the Lord 1127, together with the Roman legates, and succeeded Henry (Heinrico) the Fifth, who died without issue. Lothair himself had opposed the choice, considering himself unworthy of the honor. In the first year he proceeded against the Bohemians, who were antagonistic to him, but his army was defeated. Afterwards he punished the family of Emperor Henry, on which account Frederick and Conrad, nephews of the emperor, were antagonistic toward him. To the emperor’s dislike and distress, some declared Conrad king, and the situation was pacified to the extent that Conrad took no action while Lothair lived. After he received the sovereignty, Lothair went to Liege to confer with Pope Innocent, who had been driven out of Rome by Peter, the antipope; and there Lothair assembled a large army, and, with Innocent, proceeded into Italy. He took the pope to the Lateran at Rome, and marvelously brought all things to a satisfactory status. He received the imperial crown from the pope and returned to Germany, where he defeated and quieted the Bohemians. But while the pope held a council at Pisa, a number of persons at Rome and in the principality of Roger rose up against the pope, trusting that Roger would give them the assistance he had promised them. At the request of the pope Lothair came to Rome with a military force; and, together with the pope, he proceeded against Roger, who in fear fled to Sicily, losing all his possessions in Italy. Then the pope installed Rainonis, an imperial count, as protector of the country, giving him the title to the duchy of Apuleia. This emperor was an intelligent and mild prince; and when he withdrew his army from Italy and was proceeding homeward, he died at Berne without issue.[Lothair II or III (c. 1070-1137), surnamed the “Saxon,” Roman emperor, son of Gebhard, count of Supplinburg, was chosen German king at Mainz on August 30th, 1125 to succeed Henry V. His election was largely due to the efforts of the papal party. In 1131 the king’s attention was called to Italy, where two popes, Innocent II and Anacletus II, were clamoring for support. Pledging his support to the former, he crossed the Alps with a small army, accompanied by Innocent. As St. Peter’s was held by Anacletus, Lothair’s coronation as emperor took place in the church of the Lateran, in 1133. He then received as papal fiefs the vast estates of Matilda, marchioness of Tuscany, thus securing for his daughter and her Welf husband lands that might otherwise have passed to the Hohenstaufen. After some internal difficulties, the emperor’s authority was now generally recognized, and the annalists speak highly of the peace and order of his later years. In 1136, Lothair led a second expedition into Italy and drove Roger II from Apuleia. A mutiny among the soldiers and a breach with Innocent compelled the emperor to retrace his steps. An arrangement was made with regard to Apuleia, after which Lothair returned to Germany and there died in 1137. His reign was regarded, especially by Saxons and churchmen, as a golden age for Germany.]

Fulk (Fulco), count of Anjou, husband of the daughter of the aforesaid Baldwin (Baldvini), was appointed fourth king of Jerusalem; and he reigned 11 years. He was a very Christian man, a sturdy and earnest warrior. Due to this fact, and having three sons, practiced in knighthood and military affairs, the pagans seldom attempted attacks. When news reached the king that the Turks planned sending many thousands of men against the Christians at Jerusalem, he took up arms against them, slew three thousand, and took as many prisoners back with him to Jerusalem in bonds. This so enraged Alaph, the Turkish leader, that with a great and mighty army of his own, enhanced by Arabians, Chaldeans and Babylonians, he besieged the city of Edessa, in Mesopotamia, which Baldwin (Baldvinus), second king of Jerusalem, had captured. And they took Edessa, and destroyed it with cruelty unheard of. The irrational, raging Turkish dogs spared neither young nor old in the slaughter, and particularly the archbishop and all the clergy, who refused to deny Christ, were put to death by the sword; and, what exceeds all madness, the most beautiful and noble women and maidens wore seduced and violated by these ravagers, on the altar of Saint John (Johannis), which the Christians (as the pagans knew) held in great veneration. Edessa is a noble city of the Medes, to which, (according to the Scriptures) Tobias sent his son to visit Gabellus. Thaddeus, the Apostle, by the power of the Word of God, and by his miracles, converted this city to the Christian faith. Of this city (adorned by the relics of Blessed Thomas the Apostle), Abagarus was king. He wrote a letter to the Lord Jesus, and received a reply in the divine hand. After this city had been inhabited by the Christians for 44 years, contrary to the usages of humanity, it suffered such evils and cruelty at the hands of these savage people as surpasses all human understanding. But after King Fulk had countenanced this calamity with less concern than it deserved, he fell from his horse while hunting a rabbit, and died.[Fulk, king of Jerusalem, son of Fulk IV, count of Anjou, was born in 1092, and as early as 1120 visited the Holy Land and became a close friend of the Templars. On his return he assigned to that order an annual subsidy, while he also maintained two knights in the Holy Land for a year. In 1128, while preparing to return to the East, he received an embassy from Baldwin II, king of Jerusalem, who had no male heir to succeed him, offering his daughter Melisinda in marriage, with the right of eventual succession to the kingdom. Fulk married Melisinda, and in 1131, became king of Jerusalem. His reign was quiet and prosperous. He strengthened his kingdom, increasing the fortifications and improving his position by an alliance with the vizier of Damascus. In 1143 he died, leaving two sons, who both became kings as Baldwin III and Amalaric I. Fulk continued the tradition of good statesmanship of his predecessors, but unfortunately neglected to envisage the needs of the northern principalities, and to head a combined resistance to the rising power of Zengi of Mosul.]

Hugh (Hugo), an abbot of Cluny, a man of good skill, better conscience, and still better moderation, was of angelic stature, retired in his ways, and sweet of speech. When burdened with years, he ordered Pontius, his successor, to preserve the treasures of humility and innocence. And so he rested in God. [Hugh, sixth abbot of Cluny, was born in 1024, and was descended from the ancient dukes of Burgundy. He placed himself under the guidance of Odilo, abbot of Cluny, who, perceiving his merit, made him prior of the community. The wisdom of his government caused him to be selected, in 1047, to reform the abbey of Paternac, in the diocese of Lausanne. In the year 1049 he succeeded Odilo. He multiplied abbeys of the order, and according to Ordericus Vitalis, had ten thousand monks under his rule. By his advice and councel, a reconciliation was effected between Gregory VII and the emperor Henry IV. The sovereigns of Europe showed him the greatest respect, and Leo IX sent him to Hungary, with the title of legate, to reconcile king Andrew to the emperor Henry.]

Helinandus (Helinadus), bishop at Landunensis (Lyons?) a man illustrious in all piety, flourished at this time. So also Maurillus (Maurilius), bishop of Rouen, was celebrated for his miracles.